monoterpene

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Related to Monoterpenoid: limonene

monoterpene

Any of a number of substances (e.g., limonene, perillyl alcohol) that consist of two isoprene units and have the molecular formula C10H16. They are major components of essential oils, are found in fruits, vegetables and other plants, and have antioxidant and carcinopreventive activity.
 
Monoterpenes induce the expression of phase-I and -II hepatic detoxification enzymes, selectively inhibit protein isoprenylation (which targets proteins to membrane) and induce expression of the mannose G phosphate/IGF-II receptor and TGF-beta.
References in periodicals archive ?
As muscle contractions were observed in experiment 1, it was necessary to evaluate the AChE activity in the brain and muscle of silver catfish exposed to monoterpenoid with anesthetic properties used in the studies.
ASHE and ASDE revealed a strong presence of essential fatty acids, decanoic acid, 9, 12-octadecadienoic acid, monoterpenoids, saturated/unsaturated fatty acids (linolenic acid and linoleic acid), organosulfur compounds, aromatic alcohol, synthetic intermediates, organic ester fatty acids, and aromatic hydrocarbons.
Terpenoids present in essential oils have shown strong repellent or insecticide activity, including hydrogenated monoterpenoids, such as thymol, [alpha]-pinene, carvacrol, myrcene, and oxygenated sesquiterpenes as caryophyllene oxide (Kim et al., 2010).
A model analysis of the effects of nonspecific monoterpenoid storage in leaf tissues on emission kinetics and composition in Mediterranean sclerophyllous Quercus species.
[1] Small amounts of other sesquiterpenoids ([beta]-sesquiphellandrene, bisabolene, and farnesene) and a small fraction of monoterpenoid ([beta]-phelladrene, cineol, and citral) have also been identified.
Depending on the origin and type of manufacturing method of rose water obtained from the sepals and petals of Rosa damascena from Central Iran through steam distillation, the following monoterpenoid and alkane components could be identified with GC-MS: Mostly citronellal, nonadecane, geraniol and phenyl ethyl alcohol, and also henicosane, 9nonadecen,eicosane, linalool, citronellyl .
Steam distilled carrot seed oil typically contains significant amounts of the sesquiterpene alcohol carotol (<67%) and the monoterpenoid ester geranyl acetate (<25%) (Figure 3), with highly variable amounts of the monoterpenoids alpha-pinene (2-25%), sabinene (<32%) and linalool (<6%), and of the sesquiterpenoids P-bisabolene (<16%) and daucol (<10%) (13,14,15,16) Three flavones, luteolin, luteolin 3'-O-P-D-glucopyranoside and luteolin 4'-O-P-D-glucopyranoside have been isolated from a methanol extract of carrot seed.
Monoterpenoid differentiation in relation to the morphology of Pinus discolor and P.
aurantifolia is rich in the monoterpenoid derivatives limonene and linalool, and that the fresh juice of C.
Effect of light and temperature on monoterpenoid yield and composition in Satureja douglasii.