monosodium glutamate

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monosodium glutamate

 [mon″o-so´de-um]
a salt of glutamic acid, used as a pharmaceutic necessity, and also used to enhance the flavor of foods. See also Chinese restaurant syndrome.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate (MSG),

(mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt),
The monosodium salt of the naturally occurring l form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome; also used intravenously as an adjunct in treatment of encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

MSG

A flavour-enhancing amino acid used in processed, packaged and fast foods, which is an excitatory neurotransmitter and neurotoxin. Other sources with up to 40% MSG include autolysed yeast, calcium caseinate, sodium caseinate, and hydrolysed and texturised proteins.
 
Toxicity
Headaches, heart palpitations, skin flushing, tightness of the chest. MSG may cause convulsions when injected into the peritoneal cavity of experimental animals, stimulating neurons until they die, an effect that has been implicated in brain damage in strokes, hypoglycaemia, trauma, seizures, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s diseases and Guam-type amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; domoic aoid, a potent glutamate analogue, may cause toxic poisoning in mussel eaters, possibly causing an Alzheimer’s-like disease.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate

(MSG) (mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt)
The monosodium salt of the naturally occurring l form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome; also used intravenously as an adjunct in treatment of encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

monosodium glutamate

The sodium salt of glutamic acid produced by acids or enzyme action on vegetable protein such as wheat gluten or soya bean. Monosodium glutamate is used as a culinary seasoning and flavouring agent and is believed to be responsible for the CHINESE RESTAURANT SYNDROME. Also known as Ajinomoto, Vetsin, Chinese seasoning, Accent or Zest.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate

(MSG) (mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt)
Monosodium salt of naturally occurring levorotatory form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to the colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of monosodium glutamate on the ovaries of adult female albino rats and the possible protective role of green tea.
Multicenter, double-blind, placebocontrolled, multiple-challenge evaluation of reported reactions to monosodium glutamate.
The ability of the rule to differentiate between gout and septic arthritis was tested retrospectively in 33 patients with acute gout (podagra excluded) diagnosed by the presence of monosodium urate joint crystals and 27 patients with septic arthritis diagnosed by positive bacterial culture.
Furthermore, DECT showed extensive monosodium urate crystals in the intercarpal and radiocarpal joints with compression overlying the flexor tendons (Figure 1b, c).
In China, monosodium glutamate industry is highly homogeneous.
The 36 contributions survey research findings on the determination of nitrates, sulfites, parabens, phosphoric acid, lactates, ascorbic acid, vitamin E, aspartame, riboflavin, monosodium glutamate, lipid oxidation, volatile nitrogenous compounds, and acid content.
Several studies have described the effects of neonatal monosodium L-glutamate (MSG) administration in rodents [1, 2].
The presence of monosodium urate monohydrate crystals in a symptomatic joint, bursa, or tophus is sufficient to diagnose gout, according to new gout classification criteria from the American College of Rheumatology and the European League Against Rheumatism.
The entire line of The Good Table's sauce and crust mixes are free of monosodium glutamate, artificial flavors, high-fructose corn syrup and colors from artificial sources.
(1) The inflammation results from the phagocytosis of monosodium urate crystals (MSU) and the release of inflammatory cytokines within the joint.
In the current study adverse effects of monosodium glutamate (MSG) on memory functions were evaluated.
Fried in lard, high in fat, high in sugar, high in salt, high in monosodium goodfor-nothing, but it tasted amazing and we'd never even heard of obesity - let alone seen it.