Mollicutes


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Mollicutes

(mol″ĭ′kūt-ēz) [L. mollis, soft + cutis, skin]
A class of very small bacteria, some of which have cell walls and others of which have no cell walls but are surrounded instead by a cell membrane. It includes several genera that cause human diseases, including Erysipelothrix (a gram-positive rod shaped bacterium that has a cell wall), Mycoplasma, and Ureaplasma.
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Amplification of 16S rRNA genes from culturable and non-culturable mollicutes. Journal of Microbiology Methods, 14(1), 53-61.
Mollicute isolates were confirmed using a Dienes probe, and Mycoplasma genera were identified with a digitonin sensitivity test (WHITFORD et al., 1994; RAZIN & TULLY, 1996).
Tenericutes, as a class of bacteria distinguished by the absence of a cell wall contains the class Mollicutes [18].
Although the term "mycoplasma" is widely used to refer to any organism within the class Mollicutes, only four species--Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Ureaplasma urealyticum--are well-established human pathogens [1].
Cerpa-Poljak et al., "Progress with gene-product mapping of the Mollicutes: Mycoplasma genitalium," ELECTROPHORESIS, vol.
However, this diet favoured the presence of Chloroplast class (Cyanobacteria phylum), particularly the Streptophyta order, and increased the percentage of the Mollicutes class, specifically the RF39 order.
Lethal yellowing (LY) is caused by Candidatus Phytoplasma palmae which is cell wall less bacterium belongs to class Mollicutes. The premature drop fruit is the first obvious symptom on mature palms.
genitalium is a small bacterium of the Mollicutes class with no cell wall and a genome of only 580 kilobases in size [1, 47].
Pregnancy, birth at term, and fertility are affected by the presence of STDs, and it is crucial to investigate microorganisms such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Candida sp., Trichomonas vaginalis, and mycoplasmas, or Mollicutes, in this situation [1].
Stadtlander, "Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy of mollicutes: challenges and opportunities," in Modern Research and Educational Topics in Microscopy, pp.
The term Mycoplasma is usually used as a synonym for the class of Mollicutes that represents a large group of highly specialized bacteria and are all characterized by their lack of a rigid cell wall (4).