Mollicutes

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Mollicutes

(mol″ĭ′kūt-ēz) [L. mollis, soft + cutis, skin]
A class of very small bacteria, some of which have cell walls and others of which have no cell walls but are surrounded instead by a cell membrane. It includes several genera that cause human diseases, including Erysipelothrix (a gram-positive rod shaped bacterium that has a cell wall), Mycoplasma, and Ureaplasma.
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It was possible to confirm the viability of the bacteria, by isolation in milk, where by mollicutes grew in 26.7% of the goats' milk samples.
OTU SIM Closest relative Phylogenetic (%) group Bacillus mix h 0 M1b 96 Nautella italica [alpha]- proteobacteria M1d 90 Candidatus bacilloplasma mollicute M1c 90 Wandonia haliotis Haldis Flavobateria M2a 95 Maribius salinus [alpha]- proteobacteria M2b 98 Donghicola eburneus [alpha]- proteobacteria h 12 M2a 84 Uncultured bacterium clone M3a 97 Flavobacteriaceae bacterium M3b 97 Flavobacteriaceae bacterium M3c 97 Flavobacteriaceae bacterium M3d 97 Photobacterium damselae subs.
Mycoplasmas (mushroom form) are eubacteria included within the class Mollicutes (from latin mollis = "soft," cutis = "skin"), which comprises the smallest and simplest selfreplicating bacteria.
Many species of these 2 families are vectors of phytopathogenic virus and mollicutes, which cause severe symptoms in several plant hosts, including maize (Lopes & Oliveira 2004).
They can damage crops by sucking plant sap and transmitting plant disease organisms such as viruses, mollicutes and bacteria (Nielson 1968; Purcell 1985).
Based on phylogenetic analyses using 16S rRNA and/or ribosomal protein gene sequences, phytoplasmas have been placed in the class Mollicutes (Gundersen, Lee, Rehner, Davis, & Kingsbury, 1994).
Spiroplasmas, arthropod-infecting bacteria of the class Mollicutes, are similar to mycoplasmas.
Mycoplasma OTUs (class Mollicutes) were one of the more abundant and consistent members of the core gut microbiome of Crassostrea virginica when environmental oysters were compared with those depurated in sterile chambers for 5 days.
For example, a recent a rapid, new DNA microarray assay has been recently developed for parallel identification of almost 40 mollicutes of animal and human origin (Bottinelli et al., 2017).
Differential pathogenicity of corn stunting mollicutes to leafhoppers vectors in Dalbulus and Baldulus species.
Ureaplasma urealyticum is a species belonging to the genus Ureaplasma and the family of Mycoplasmataceae in the order mycoplasmalates and class of Mollicutes of bacteria.