glossitis (glo-sit'is) [ glosso- + -itis]
An inflammation of the tongue.
Glossitis that develops in hours or days, often associated with stomatitis. The tongue is painful, red, inflamed, and swollen. It may appear smooth or be covered with papular lesions. Fever may be present.
It may be associated with diabetes mellitus, bacterial infections, candidal infections, adverse drug reactions, smoking, and trauma to the tongue. Surrounding structures may be swollen sufficiently to produce asphyxia. Tracheostomy may be necessary to maintain the airway.
The underlying disorder must be treated. In order to maintain oral cleanliness, patients should rinse the mouth with an anesthetic oral solution, such as 2% xylocaine.
glossitis areata exfoliativa
A condition of the tongue marked by numerous denuded patches on the dorsal surface coalescing into freeform shapes similar to the geographic areas on a map. Synonym: geographic tongue
A painful, raw, and fissured tongue.
herpetic geometric glossitis
Herpes simplex virus type 1 infection of the tongue. This may be seen in immunocompromised patients. High-dose acyclovir is an effective treatment.
median rhomboid glossitis
An inflammatory area, somewhat diamond-shaped, found on the dorsum of the tongue anterior to the vallate papillae.
Moeller's glossitis See: Moeller's glossitis
glossitis parasitica See: tongue, hairy
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners