model organism

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model organism

A generic term for an organism used in research.

model organism

a laboratory organism that has many advantages for experimental research. Examples include Arabidopsis thaliana (mustard plant), Caenorhabditis elegans (NEMATODE worm), Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (unicellular alga), Dictyostelium discoideum (SLIME MOULD), Drosophila melanogaster (FRUIT FLY), ESCHERICHIA COLI (BACTERIUM),Mus musculus (Mouse), XENOPUS LAEVIS (African clawed frog) and YEAST (SACCHAROMYCES cerevisiae, and other species). See also HUMAN GENOME PROJECT.
References in periodicals archive ?
A deeper knowledge of male reproductive biology also can increase the success of breeding programs and enable the use of the kea as a model species for other more threatened species, such as the kaka (Nestor meridionalis) and the kakapo (Strigops habroptila).
Researchers at the University of Missouri, for instance, using a zebrafish model--an emerging model species for neurobehavioral studies--have determined that a common probiotic sold in supplements and yogurt can decrease stress-related behavior and anxiety.
For environmental parameters habitats CPU model species of vascular plants floristic lists taken from the geobotanical descriptions phytocenoses examined, processed using "EcoScaleWin" a computer program [22].
The selection of the model species can be considered as strategic since strawberry is the most important berry crop in Europe and the production of raspberry and blackcurrant are increasing strongly in recent years.
Whole-genome phylogeographic studies are already the norm for model species such as humans (Altshuler et al.
Because the species have been studied cytogenetically, they can serve as model species in efforts to map genomic sequences chromosomally.
Although we are far from achieving these improvements in practice, bioengineering of model species, including tobacco, has shown significant and reproducible improvements in conversion efficiency in controlled environments.
The researchers used rhesus monkeys because they are an ideal model species for humans.
The horse is an FDA approved model species for athletic injuries.
For instructors electing to incorporate animal dissection in their courses, there are a number of standard model species from which to choose.

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