model organism

(redirected from Model species)

model organism

A generic term for an organism used in research.

model organism

a laboratory organism that has many advantages for experimental research. Examples include Arabidopsis thaliana (mustard plant), Caenorhabditis elegans (NEMATODE worm), Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (unicellular alga), Dictyostelium discoideum (SLIME MOULD), Drosophila melanogaster (FRUIT FLY), ESCHERICHIA COLI (BACTERIUM),Mus musculus (Mouse), XENOPUS LAEVIS (African clawed frog) and YEAST (SACCHAROMYCES cerevisiae, and other species). See also HUMAN GENOME PROJECT.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nikki Traylor-Knowles on research projects examining the molecular and cellular mechanisms of cnidarian innate immunity using the cauliflower coral (<em>Pocillopora damicornis</em>) as a model species. He built an 800-gallon recirculating aquarium system in their laboratory in Miami that is now used for culturing coral fragments and conducting experiments that investigate interactions between corals' innate immune systems and bacterial microbiomes.
MaxEnt can model species distributions without absence data (Phillips and Miroslav, 2008; Elith et al., 2011, 2006), and often has better performance in accuracy than other SDMs with limited data (Hernandez et al., 2006; Fonderflick et al., 2015).
Together, the findings represent a catalog of genetic "recipes" for generating different cell types in two important model species and provide an unprecedented resource for the study of developmental biology and disease.
Genetic diversity across geographical scales in marine coastal ecosystems: Holothuria arguinensis a model species. J.
In this paper, we review the limitations of current monitoring and research to support flyway-level AM of duck species in Europe and seek model species with which to start the development of such an approach.
A deeper knowledge of male reproductive biology also can increase the success of breeding programs and enable the use of the kea as a model species for other more threatened species, such as the kaka (Nestor meridionalis) and the kakapo (Strigops habroptila).
Researchers at the University of Missouri, for instance, using a zebrafish model--an emerging model species for neurobehavioral studies--have determined that a common probiotic sold in supplements and yogurt can decrease stress-related behavior and anxiety.
The reduced data matrix [A".sub.1a] has been obtained by subtracting the contribution of the proposed model species from the complete data set.
For environmental parameters habitats CPU model species of vascular plants floristic lists taken from the geobotanical descriptions phytocenoses examined, processed using "EcoScaleWin" a computer program [22].
Whole-genome phylogeographic studies are already the norm for model species such as humans (Altshuler et al.
Because the species have been studied cytogenetically, they can serve as model species in efforts to map genomic sequences chromosomally.
Although we are far from achieving these improvements in practice, bioengineering of model species, including tobacco, has shown significant and reproducible improvements in conversion efficiency in controlled environments.

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