Mirizzi syndrome

Mi·riz·zi syn·drome

(mi-ritz'ē),
benign obstruction of the hepatic ducts due to spasm and/or fibrous scarring of surrounding connective tissue; often associated with a stone in the cystic duct and chronic cholecystitis.

Mirizzi syndrome

An acquired condition characterised by common bile duct obstruction due to gallstone impaction, resulting in jaundice, fibrosis, chronic cholecystitis and, with time, possibly cholecystocholedochal fistula formation.

Mi·riz·zi syn·drome

(mē-rēt'sē sin'drōm)
Benign obstruction of the hepatic ducts due to spasm and/or fibrous scarring of surrounding connective tissue; often associated with a stone in the cystic duct and chronic cholecystitis.

Mirizzi,

P.L., 20th century Argentinian physician.
Mirizzi syndrome - stenosis of hepatic duct. Synonym(s): hepatic duct obstruction
References in periodicals archive ?
Acute cholecystitis and difficult gall bladder have severe inflammation and anatomical deformities like Mirizzi syndrome, empyema and gangrene.
(29) proposed that Mirizzi syndrome was a result of chronic inflammation caused by adenomyomatosis.
The omentum and the transverse colon were adherent to the gallbladder, and a fistula formation was observed between the transverse colon and the gallbladder (Mirizzi syndrome, type 5).
Mirizzi syndrome was firstly reported by Pablo Luis Mirizzi (1893-1964), one of the major biliary surgeons in the past century.
Laparoscopic resection of cholecystocolic fistula and subtotal cholecystectomy by tri-staple in a type V mirizzi syndrome. Case Reports Hepatol.
Mirizzi syndrome is defined as common hepatic duct obstruction caused by extrinsic compression or inflammation from cystic duct or gallbladder neck stone burden.
Nine (5%) patients required conversion to an open cholecystectomy for various reasons: bile duct injury (n=1), inflamed GB with empyema and colonic injury (n=1), lateral tear of dilated cystic duct (n=1), Mirizzi syndrome (n=3), adhesions from previous laparotomy (n=1), adhesions and small bowel injury (n=1), sealed GB perforation with adhesions (n=1).
We report the first case of Mirizzi syndrome in a patient who presented with biliary obstruction caused by pure calcium carbonate stones.
[sup][9] The gallbladder wall may appear irregular and thickened, with adhesions to surrounding tissue, and fistulas may develop into adjacent organs, and in some cases, can cause Mirizzi syndrome. [sup][10] Zhao et al .
Al-Kawas, "Complications of gallstone disease: mirizzi syndrome, cholecystocholedochal fistula, and gallstone ileus," American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol.
With chronicity of inflammation caused by gallstone obstruction of the cystic duct or the gallbladder may fuse to the extrahepatic biliary tree, causing Mirizzi syndrome, or fistulize into the intestinal tract, causing so-called gallstone ileus.
Complications of acute cholecystitis such as gangrenous cholecystitis and Mirizzi syndrome can be diagnosed with MRCP.