Minamata disease


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Related to Minamata disease: Itai itai disease

Minamata disease

 [min″ah-mah´tah]
a severe neurologic disorder due to alkyl mercury poisoning, leading to severe permanent neurologic and mental disabilities or death; once common among those who ate contaminated seafood from Minamata Bay, Japan.

Mi·na·ma·ta dis·ease

a neurologic disorder caused by methyl mercury intoxication; first described in the inhabitants of Minamata Bay, Japan, resulting from their eating fish contaminated with mercury industrial waste. Characterized by peripheral sensory loss, tremors, dysarthria, ataxia, and both hearing and visual loss.

Minamata disease

(mĭn′ə-mä′tə)
n.
A degenerative neurological disorder caused by poisoning with a mercury compound found in seafood obtained from waters contaminated with mercury-containing industrial waste.
A disease caused by consumption of fish and shellfish contaminated with organic methylmercury—inorganic mercury, a major teratogen discharged into nearby rivers by industrial plants that produce acetaldehyde, using mercury as a catalyst

Mi·na·ma·ta dis·ease

(min-ă-mah'tă di-zēz')
A neurologic disorder caused by methyl mercury intoxication; first described in the inhabitants of Minamata Bay, Japan, resulting from eating fish contaminated with mercury-tainted industrial waste. Characterized by peripheral sensory loss, tremors, dysarthria, ataxia, and both hearing and visual loss.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fujimo, world experts on Minamata disease, did neurological tests on 44 residents at Grassy and 43 at Whitedog.
Odsame (Eds.), Understanding Minamata disease: Methylmercury poisoning in Minamata and Niigata, Japan (pp.
Recently, the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology and court rulings on damages suits by Minamata disease patients, as well as some researchers criticized the standards for being too severe and failing to offer valid reasoning.
'There are many children in the village whose symptoms are similar to the Minamata disease,' said Rogelio Valena, a councilor of Sta.
Japanese experts on Minamata disease, a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning, have been working with the communities since the 1970s.
In 1956 the Japanese government officially "discovered" Minamata disease, the large-scale methyl-mercury poisoning caused by industrial effluent from Japan's leading chemical company, Chisso.
In 1957 scientists gave the ailment a name: Minamata disease. The next year, Mayumi died of it.
The same panel, in a separate ruling on a similar suit filed by a woman in Toyonaka, Osaka Prefecture, overturned an Osaka High Court ruling that rejected the woman's demand she be recognized as a sufferer of Minamata disease eligible for aid.
The resulting "Minamata disease" shocked the Japanese people and highlighted for the world the devastating effects of mercury poisoning.
KUMAMOTO, Japan - The Kumamoto District Court on Friday sought reconciliation on a damages suit filed by a group of unrecognized Minamata disease patients against the state, Kumamoto Prefecture and chemical maker Chisso Corp.
Ministry to mull settlements with Minamata disease patients
Referring to the high incidence of Congenital Minamata Disease, cerebral palsy and asbestos-induced illness in the region, Dr.