Minamata disease(redirected from Minamata disaster)
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Related to Minamata disaster: Minamata Bay
a severe neurologic disorder due to alkyl mercury poisoning, leading to severe permanent neurologic and mental disabilities or death; once common among those who ate contaminated seafood from Minamata Bay, Japan.
a neurologic disorder caused by methyl mercury intoxication; first described in the inhabitants of Minamata Bay, Japan, resulting from their eating fish contaminated with mercury industrial waste. Characterized by peripheral sensory loss, tremors, dysarthria, ataxia, and both hearing and visual loss.
A degenerative neurological disorder caused by poisoning with a mercury compound found in seafood obtained from waters contaminated with mercury-containing industrial waste.
a severe degenerative neurological disorder caused by the ingestion of seed grain heated with alkyl compounds of mercury or of seafood taken from waters polluted with industrial wastes contaminated by soluble mercuric salts. The term is derived from a tragedy involving Japanese who ate seafood from Minamata Bay. Mercury passes the placental barrier, causing the congenital form of the disease. Symptoms may not appear for several weeks or months; they include paresthesia of the mouth and extremities; tunnel vision; difficulties in speech, hearing, muscular coordination, and concentration; weakness; emotional instability; and stupor. Continued ingestion causes serious damage to the renal tubules and corrosion of the GI tract. Acute cases may result in coma and death. See also mercury poisoning.
Mi·na·ma·ta dis·ease(min-ă-mah'tă di-zēz')
A neurologic disorder caused by methyl mercury intoxication; first described in the inhabitants of Minamata Bay, Japan, resulting from eating fish contaminated with mercury-tainted industrial waste. Characterized by peripheral sensory loss, tremors, dysarthria, ataxia, and both hearing and visual loss.
mercury poisoning in cats, birds and humans originating from industrial pollution of Minamata bay in Japan, and the poisoning of fish and shellfish which were then absorbed into the local food chains.