astragalus

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astragalus

 [ah-strag´ah-lus]
talus. adj., adj astrag´alar.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Astragalus

(as-trag'ă-lŭs),
A genus of plants (family Leguminosae), notably Astragalus mollissimus (locoweed) on the range lands of western North America, capable of taking selenium from the soil and poisoning sheep, cattle, and horses. Astragalus gummifer is a source of tragacanth.

as·trag·a·lus

(ă-strag'ă-lŭs),
Surgical operation involving reconstruction or reformation of any structure using healthy tissue, usually in the course of cosmetic procedures.
[G. ana, again, + plastos, formed]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

astragalus

(ə-străg′ə-ləs)
n. pl. astraga·li (-lī′)
1. The dried root of the East Asian herb Astragalus membranaceus of the pea family, used in herbal medicine. Also called milk vetch.
3. See talus1.

as·trag′a·lar adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

astragalus

A herb which contains betaine, choline, essential fatty oils, glycosides, saponins and vitamin A.
 
Chinese medicine
Used for its cardiotonic and diuretic effects, and for adrenal insufficiency, anorexia, bronchitis, cancer, colds, chronic fatigue, diabetes, diarrhoea, hepatitis, hypertension, immune deficiency, organ prolapse, profuse sweating and weakness of extremities.
 
Fringe oncology
Astragalus is said to be useful in managing cancer by boosting immunity.

Western herbal medicine
In Western herbology, astragalus has been used as a digestive tonic, to enhance immunity, and for managing AIDS, cancer, chronic fatigue and the common cold
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

As·trag·a·lus

(ă-strag'ă-lŭs)
A genus of plants (e.g., locoweed) on the range lands of western North America, capable of taking selenium from the soil and poisoning sheep, cattle, and horses. A. gummifer is a source of tragacanth.
Synonym(s): goat thorn, huang chi, milk vetch root, yellow leader.
[L., fr. G. astragalos, ankle bone]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

astragalus

The talus bone. The upper bone of the foot, on which the tibia rests.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Astragalus distortus, also known as Ozark milkvetch, occurs in four counties (INHD 2007).
Nitrogen fixed Legume (kilograms/hectare/year) Alfalfa 13-36 Birdsfoot trefoil 8-27 Crownvetch 18 Cicer milkvetch 25 Crimson clover 10 Hairy vetch 18 Kura clover 3-29 Lentil 27-31 Red clover 11-1 Soybean 4-1 Sub clover 9-30 Sweetclover 22 White clover 21-33 Table 7-4 Developmental stages of alfalfa.
Tennessee milkvetch (Astragalus tennesseensis--extirpated), a species of the glades and barrens in Tennessee and Alabama with disjunct occurrences in Illinois and Indiana, was collected at only one site in the state, near Lafayette (Stuart 1902).
Other species range from the Lane Mountain milkvetch, a small flower found on Fort Irwin, Calif., to the bald eagle, found on 44 Army installations across the country.
In an irrigated legume trial at Bozeman, MT, Shoshone had the second highest 4-yr average annual yield (13.79 Mg ha-1 at 12% moisture) of 16 legume entries which included sainfoin, alfalfa, birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.), and cicer milkvetch (Astragalus cicer L.).
The Bureau of Land Management has estimated, as reported in the San Francisco Chronicle, that it will spend $850,000 this year walking its employees around for 1,700 miles to count little plants called Pierson's milkvetch.
Among the rare plants that call the dunes home are purple milkvetch and northern march orchid, and several important species of butterfly and moth also live in the dunes.
Listed species addressed in the recovery plan include an endangered plant, the Amargosa niterwort (Nitrophila mohavensis); six threatened plants, the spring-loving centaury (Centaurium namophilum), Ash Meadows ivesia (Ivesia eremica), Ash Meadows blazing star (Mentzelia leucophylla), Ash Meadows milkvetch (Astragalus phoenix), Ash Meadows sunray (Enceliopsis nudicaulis var.
curtipendula); 5% shrubs, mostly Louisiana sagebrush (Artemesia ludoviciana), milkvetch (Astragalus crassicarpus), and other sages (Artemesia sp.); 20% forbs, mostly skunkbrush sumac (Rhus trilobata), broom snakeweed, (Gutierrezia sarothrae), and rabbitbrush (Chrysothamnus nauseosus); and 5% cacti, mostly soapweed (Yucca glauca) and plains prickly pear (Opuntia polycantha var.
Tourists are far more likely to visit bald eagles or manatees than fairy shrimp or the Deseret milkvetch. In short, "biodiversity as a whole has overwhelming utilitarian value, but most individual species do not."(50)
They are the brown pelican, gray whale, arctic peregrine falcon, three birds from the Palau Islands in the western Pacific Ocean, and a milkvetch plant in Utah.