middle meningeal artery

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Related to Middle meningeal: jugular foramen, middle meningeal vein

mid·dle me·nin·ge·al ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, maxillary; branches, petrosal, superior tympanic, frontal and parietal; distribution, to parts mentioned and through terminal branches to anterior and middle cranial fossae; anastomoses, meningeal branches of occipital, ascending pharyngeal, ophthalmic and lacrimal, stylomastoid, accessory meningeal branch of maxillary, and deep temporal.
Synonym(s): arteria meningea media [TA]

middle meningeal artery

The third branch of the first segment of the maxillary artery. It enters the cranial cavity through the foramen ovale and runs dorsally in the dura, branching widely along the side of the skull. It divides into a frontal and a parietal branch.
See also: artery

mid·dle me·nin·ge·al ar·te·ry

(midĕl mĕ-ninjē-ăl ahrtĕr-ē) [TA]
Origin, maxillary; branches, petrosal, superior tympanic, frontal and parietal; distribution, to parts mentioned and through terminal branches to anterior and middle cranial fossae; anastomoses, meningeal branches of occipital, ascending pharyngeal, ophthalmic and lacrimal, stylomastoid, accessory meningeal branch of maxillary, and deep temporal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Images of mast cells, middle meningeal artery and its anterior and posterior branches were taken with a camera (Nikon DS-Fi1, Japan) attached to the microscope (Nikon Eclipse 80i, Japan).
Accessory meningeal artery arose from the middle meningeal artery, 25 mm below the base of the skull and entered the middle cranial fossa through the foramen ovale by passing behind the mandibular nerve.
(42,43) This is usually best accomplished via the internal maxillary arteries (Figure 8), with microcatheter placement distal to the origins of the middle meningeal and accessory meningeal arteries.
The trauma produces bone deformation (fracture and / or sinking), promote vascular lesions (mostly middle meningeal artery and its branches and venous sinuses), with consequent accumulation of blood between the bone and the dura mater.
Preoperatively, successful embolization of the tumor's blood supply from branches of the fight postauricular artery, the ascending pharyngeal artery, and a posterior branch of the right middle meningeal artery was performed.
Variations of the ophthalmic and middle meningeal arteries: relation to the embryonic stapedial artery.
It is sometimes associated with an anastamosis between middle meningeal and infraorbital arteries.
The MRA revealed a dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) between the left middle meningeal artery and a cortical vein with retrograde drainage into Labbe's vein (Figure 2).
Elevation of the dura causes bleeding from numerous small vessels, and it exposes the larger middle meningeal artery to possible injury.
One such foramen is the Foramen Spinosum (FS) which is located in close proximity postero-lateral to Foramen ovale (FO) and transmits the middle meningeal vessels, the meningeal branch of mandibular nerve and the nervous spinosus (Dogan et al.; Srimani et al., 2014).
Differential diagnosis: Temporal artery pseudoaneurysm may mimic epidermal inclusion cysts, lipomas, hematomas, abscesses, sebaceous cysts, aneurysms, arteriovenous fistulas of the middle meningeal artery, vascular and soft tissue tumors, lymphadenopathy, meningocele, and encephalocele.
The intrapetrosal portion is supplied by the superficial petrosal branch of the middle meningeal artery and the stylomastoid branch of the posterior auricular artery portion is supplied by the stylomastoid, posterior auricular, superficial temporal, and transverse facial arteries.