Middle Earth/Hobbit | definition of Middle Earth/Hobbit by Medical dictionary
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A recently discovered—first published in 2004—species of the phylogenetic tribe Homini—which comprises Homo sapiens and two species of chimpanzees—found on the island of Flores in Indonesia. Researchers unearthed remains from 8 individuals measuring ±1 meter tall and having grapefruit-sized skulls. The remains were carbon dated as having lived 18,000 years ago. Despite controversy surrounding the discovery, cladistic analysis supports the assertion that H floresiensis is a species a sui generis
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hobbit name given to Homo floresiensis, a fossil hominid recently discovered on the island of Flores, in Indonesia, and so named after J.J.R.Tolkien's hobbit because of its diminutive size. About 1m in height, with a skull volume of only around 380ml, the oldest example was aged at 95,000 years and the youngest at 13,000 years. Like H.neanderthalensis , it coexisted with H.sapiens.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005