microsatellite

(redirected from Microsatellites)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Microsatellites: microsatellite analysis

microsatellite

(mī′krō-săt′l-īt′)
n.
1. A short sequence of DNA consisting of multiple repetitions of a set of two to nine base pairs, used as a genetic marker when individuals differ in the number of repetitions.
2. A small artificial satellite, usually with a mass of less than 100 kilograms (220 pounds) when deployed in orbit.

microsatellite

A highly polymorphic segment of DNA composed of repetitive stretches of short sequences of 2–6 base pairs of DNA, which serve as genetic markers to track inheritance in families. Microsatellites include dinucleotides, trinucleotides and tetranucleotides, repeated in tandem arrays throughout a genome. The human genome has 50–100,000 microsatellite loci.

microsatellite

A section of DNA in which a unit of one to five nucleotides is repeated a variable number of times. Repeating trinucleotides that expand during meiosis are associated with Huntington's disease and fragile X syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Microsatellites from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and their use for genetic study of salmonids.
Microsatellites, which tend to vary greatly among individuals and have traditionally been used in forensics and paternity tests, are also used to uncover information related to a number of other genetic diseases such as Fragile-X or Huntington's disease.
These variations interfere with the use of microsatellites in phylogenetic studies and sometimes can lead to erroneous data interpretation.
As with the mtDNA data set, microsatellites were used in a distance-based AMOVA (9).
Of the 99 primer sets designed for microsatellites, 52 primer sets amplified a single fragment.
Summary of microsatellites data analysis: Calculation of observed Heterozygosity (Ho), Expected Heterozygosity (He), Unbiased Expected Heterozygosity (uHe), Shannon's Information Index( I) and Fixation Index (F).
In the past decade, microsatellites have been characterized in many aquatic species and used in a wide range of studies in evolutionary biology, population genetics, genetic mapping, and pedigree identification in aquaculture populations (Maremi et al.
M2 PHARMA-November 17, 2017-Circulogene Launches Single-Tube, Blood-Based Microsatellite Instability Biomarker Testing for Multiple Cancers
DNA sequences of the six microsatellites were deposited into Genbank (accessions KX712105-KX712110).
Based at the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies (UTIAS), SFL built the two microsatellites for maritime traffic monitoring, communications and science applications on behalf of the Norwegian Space Centre with support from the Norwegian Coastal Authority, Space Norway, and the European Space Agency.
Microsatellites or simple sequence repeats (SSR) have emerged as one of the most popular genetic markers for a wide range of applications in population genetics, conservation biology, and evolutionaiy biology (Abdelkrim et al.