microsatellite

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microsatellite

(mī′krō-săt′l-īt′)
n.
1. A short sequence of DNA consisting of multiple repetitions of a set of two to nine base pairs, used as a genetic marker when individuals differ in the number of repetitions.
2. A small artificial satellite, usually with a mass of less than 100 kilograms (220 pounds) when deployed in orbit.

microsatellite

A highly polymorphic segment of DNA composed of repetitive stretches of short sequences of 2–6 base pairs of DNA, which serve as genetic markers to track inheritance in families. Microsatellites include dinucleotides, trinucleotides and tetranucleotides, repeated in tandem arrays throughout a genome. The human genome has 50–100,000 microsatellite loci.

microsatellite

A section of DNA in which a unit of one to five nucleotides is repeated a variable number of times. Repeating trinucleotides that expand during meiosis are associated with Huntington's disease and fragile X syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Isolation and characterization of microsatellite DNA in the piracema fish Prochilodus lineatus (Characiformes).
Genetic differences between hatchery stocks and natural populations in Pacific abalone (Haliotis discus) estimated using microsatellite DNA markers.
Microsatellite DNAs are small repetitive sequences (mononucleotides, dinucleotides, and up to 7 repeats) that are scattered throughout the genome.
Hara M, Sekino M (2007) Genetic differences between hatchery stocks and natural populations in pacific abalone (Haliotis discus) estimated using microsatellite DNA markers.
The findings of the present study are in contrast with these observations but in agreement with [22] in their study in red sea bream used microsatellite DNA markers and their statement that even though the number of alleles per locus was reduced, the heterozygosity was maintained from the broodstock to the progeny.
Microtus ochrogaster have an expanded region of repetitive microsatellite DNA [approximately 430 base pairs (bp)] in the regulatory region of the avpr1a gene that is absent in M.
1999, "Abundance and variation of microsatellite DNA sequences in beans (Phaseolus and Vigna)," Genome, 42, pp.
The magnitude of genetic divergence measured among putative subpopulations of spotted seatrout in this study is much higher as measured by mtDNA than that measured by microsatellite DNA.
The DNA of Injaz's cells and that of the original ovarian cells have been tested using microsatellite DNA analysis at the Molecular Biology and Genetics Laboratory in Dubai.
Moreover, although TMAC has been shown to increase the yield of PCR products and eliminate nonspecific amplification (27, 28), it has not been used by default for amplification of microsatellite DNA.
However, studies using multilocus fragment typing of mini- and microsatellite DNA markers have shown that C.