(2010) Patentability of microorganisms
. IPR-Indlaw.com, 15 May, http://ipr .indlaw.com/search/articles/?c09721d8-3644-4ceb-b9d7 303558cb0182, accessed 26 March 2010.
The goals of many technologies employed to preserve the quality and microbiological safety of food products are to: prevent or minimize the access of microorganisms
to food products; reduce initial contamination levels by the removal or inactivation of microorganisms
which have gained access to products; inactivate microorganisms
in products; or prevent or slow the growth of microorganisms
Even relatively fresh, basalt rocks formed by lava oozing from mid-ocean ridges are home to many microorganisms
, says Katrina J.
"Typically in landfills, there's not much dirt, very little oxygen, and few if any microorganisms
," says green consumer advocate Debra Lynn Dadd.
Such a macro-evolutionary framework would showcase the nonrandom patterns of the distribution of human pathogens among major phylogenetic groups of microorganisms
. Second, although base substitutions, insertions and deletions, homologous recombination, and lateral gene transfer are discussed throughout the book, a generalized quantitative review of the relative contributions of these processes during the evolution of certain groups of microbial pathogens (e.g., E.
An infection is when microorganisms
reproduce in large enough amounts in the patient's own tissues to cause "problems" or make the individual "sick." The body's natural defenses (immune system) provide a mechanism that generally keeps invading microorganisms
from attacking the body.
added to pulp mill aeration stabilization basins are able to reduce sludge in-situ.
The studies have revealed a startling trend: A top killer of sea-loving otters are microorganisms
that originate on land.
The biological processes in a stream are driven by two factors: the sun, which provides energy for algae and bryophytes such as mosses, and the vegetation debris--the leaves, branches, and logs that fall into the stream--which provides energy for the microorganisms
that remove the nitrogen and phosphorus from the stream water.
He was lecturing a group of young student nurses on the subject of microorganisms
, and the students' hesitant, doubting expressions annoyed him.
By the early 1960s, strains of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms
(AROs) already were being identified.