microglia

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Related to Microglial cells: Astrocytes

microglia

 [mi-krog´le-ah]
non-neural cells forming part of the adventitial structure of the central nervous system. They are migratory and act as phagocytes of waste products of the nervous system. adj., adj microg´lial.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mi·crog·li·a

(mī-krog'lē-ă), This word is grammatically singular. Avoid the mispronunciation microgli'a.
Small neuroglial cells of the central nervous system, originating in the bone marrow, that may become phagocytic in areas of neural damage or inflammation.
[micro- + G. glia, glue]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

microglia

(mī′krō-glē′ə, -glī′-)
n.
(used with a pl. verb) Any of the small neuroglial cells of the central nervous system having long processes and amoeboid and phagocytic activity at sites of neural damage or inflammation.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

microglial cell

A perivascular bone-marrow-derived cell native to the CNS, belonging to the mononuclear phagocytic system (e.g., monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells and granulocytes), which presents antigens in an MHC-class-II restricted context.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

mi·crog·li·a

(mī-krog'lē-ă)
Small neuroglial cells, possibly of mesodermal origin, which may become phagocytic, in areas of neural damage or inflammation.
Synonym(s): Hortega cells.
[micro- + G. glia, glue]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
Enlarge picture
MICROGLIA

microglia

(mi-krog'le-a) [? + glia, glue]
Cells of the central nervous system (CNS) present between neurons or next to capillaries. These cells may function as macrophages when they migrate to damaged CNS tissue.
See: gitter cell; illustration
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

microglia

Neurological connective tissue MACROPHAGES. Compare MACROGLIA.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Hortega,

Pio del Rio, Spanish neurohistologist in South America, 1882-1945.
Hortega cells - small neuroglial cells that may become phagocytic in areas of neural damage or inflammation. Synonym(s): microglia
Hortega neuroglia stain - one of several silver carbonate methods to demonstrate astrocytes, oligodendroglia, and microglia.
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Immunocytochemical localization of MOP receptors in primary microglial cells was confirmed by immunofluorescence (Figure 8(b)).
Robinson et al., "Patterns of microglial cell activation in Alzheimer disease and frontotemporal lobar degeneration," Neurodegenerative Diseases, vol.
1): As mentioned earlier, HIV preferentially infects perivascular macrophages and microglial cells in CNS (20).
These free radicals may be produced by many of the free radical producing-enzyme systems including mitochondria, cyclooxygenase (COX), xanthine oxidase, NADPH oxidase (NOX), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in response to the activation of proinflammatory mediators produced by recruited leukocytes (e.g., neutrophils), active microglial cells, damaged neurons and astrocytes in stroke-injured tissues (Lo et al.
Detection of neuron and microglial cells in cortex of mice by immunohistochemical staining.
In summary, according to the findings of this investigation, resveratrol attenuates LPS plus IFN[gamma]-induced microglial activation, and the SIRT1-SOCS1 pathway may mediate the anti-inflammation of resveratrol in the N9 microglial cells.
Heinrich, "Inhibition of LPS-induced p42/44 MAP kinase activation and iNOS/NO synthesis by parthenolide in rat primary microglial cells," Journal of Neuroimmunology, vol.
Von Bernhardi, "Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines regulate the ERK pathway: implication of the timing for the activation of microglial cells," Neurotoxicity Research, vol.
"We didn't continue the study to see whether phagocytosis was further impaired after longer exposures to alcohol," Feinstein said, "but it appears that these changes in microglial cells could be a contributing factor to the development of Alzheimer's disease."
The study examined luteolin's effect in immune cells in the brain known as microglial cells, which produce inflammatory signaling molecules in response to infection.