Blue-green algae can produce toxins, including microcystins
, that can harm humans and animals.
Bloom conditions and microcystin
concentrations vary with time and microcystins
can persist for up to two weeks after the bloom has dissipated, officials said.
Harmful blue-green algal blooms and the toxic microcystins
that accompany them have been a persistent threat in the lake's western basin but, until this study, bloom-related toxins had not been formally documented and analyzed in the central basin.
Cyanobacteria can produce two primary types of toxins: anatoxins, which cause sudden death due to respiratory paralysis, and microcystins
, which lead to liver failure.
Monitoring toxic cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins (microcystins
and cylindrospermopsins) in four recreational reservoirs (Khon Kaen, Thailand).
Among the different cyanotoxins, the hepatotoxic microcystins
(MC) are considered to be one of the most dangerous groups (De Figueiredo et al.
It can produce toxins such as microcystins
and anatoxins that affect people and pets that swim in and drink from the water.
These bacteria produce powerful toxins called microcystins
Fluoroprobe was used to determine algal biomass at a coarse taxonomic resolution and used ELISA to test total microcystins
of river water samples.
Even when DI is coupled with an ultrafilter, it is unable to remove low molecular weight bacterial by-products such as microcystins
(toxins from blue-green algae) that can be deadly to patients.
There are many studies about cyanotoxins degradation, including microcystins
produced by P.
production and antibacterial activity of cyanobacterial strains of Synechocystis, Synechococcus and Romeria from water and coral reef organisms (Brazil)