mevalonate kinase

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mev·a·lo·nate ki·nase

an enzyme that catalyzes the reaction of mevalonate and ATP to form ADP and mevalonate 5-phosphate; this enzyme participates in the pathway for steroid synthesis; a deficiency of this enzyme will lead to mevalonic aciduria and lack of development.


A gene on chromosome 12q24 that encodes mevalonate kinase, which plays a regulatory role in cholesterol biosynthesis.

Molecular pathology
Defects in MVK cause mevalonic aciduria and hyperimmunoglobulinaemia D, and periodic fever syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Schulert, "Mevalonate kinase deficiency: current perspectives," Application of Clinical Genetics, vol.
Hoffmann, "Mevalonate kinase deficiencies: from mevalonic aciduria to hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome," Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, vol.
Mutations in the gene encoding mevalonate kinase cause hyper-IgD and periodic fever syndrome.
Boes, "Unprenylated RhoA contributes to IL-1 [beta] hypersecretion in mevalonate kinase deficiency model through stimulation of Rac1 activity," Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Pontillo, "Geraniol rescues inflammation in cellular and animal models of mevalonate kinase deficiency," In Vivo, vol.
Mevalonate kinase deficiency: a survey of 50 patients.
Mevalonate kinase deficiency (hyper IgD syndrome with periodic fever)--different faces with separate treatments: two cases and review of the literature.
Gibson, "Post-translational regulation of mevalonate kinase by intermediates of the cholesterol and nonsterol isoprene biosynthetic pathways," Journal of Lipid Research, vol.
van Hagen et al., "Mutations in the mevalonate kinase (MVK) gene cause nonsyndromic retinitis pigmentosa," Ophthalmology, vol.
Sibilia et al., "Mevalonate kinase deficiency: a survey of 50 patients," Pediatrics, vol.
A closely related disease is mevalonic aciduria (OMIM 610.377), which is due to a near-total inactivity of the enzyme mevalonate kinase: in this condition, recurrent fever episodes appear in association with serious systemic signs, such as delayed growth, cranial-facial dysmorphism, microcephalia, cerebellar atrophy, ataxia, psychomotor retardation, retinal dystrophy, and cataracts [108].
Mevalonate kinase, the protein encoded by MVK, is an important enzyme in the mevalonate pathway that is vital for multiple cellular processes by providing cells with essential bioactive molecules.