methanotroph

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methanotroph

any ORGANISM that can use methane as sole source of CARBON and ENERGY.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Researchers have found that the enzyme responsible for the methane-methanol conversion in methanotrophic bacteria catalyzes the reaction at a site that contains just one copper ion.
[USA], May 10 (ANI): Researchers have finally unveiled the mechanism behind the conversion of methane into readily usable methanol in methanotrophic bacteria.
The bacterial "upland soil cluster alpha" clade (USCa clade) in forest soils, which has been previously detected solely by cultivation-independent molecular biological techniques, is assumed to represent the methanotrophic bacteria adapted to the trace level of atmospheric methane which play an essential part in the removal of methane from the atmosphere.
However, methanotrophic bacteria may also contribute a large proportion (up to 45%) of the carbon to zooplankton (Sanseverino et al., 2012).
Strous, "Enrichment and molecular detection of denitrifying methanotrophic bacteria of the NC10 phylum," Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol.
Jeon, "Methane emission and dynamics of methanotrophic and methanogenic communities in a flooded rice field ecosystem," FEMS Microbiology Ecology, vol.
These data suggest that methanotrophic oxidizing bacteria (MOB) seem to be the main responsible for consumption C[H.sub.4] in cave air.
The methane (C[H.sub.4]) released from the seafloor does not reach the atmosphere, because it is oxidised to C[O.sub.2]+[H.sub.2]O by methanotrophic bacteria in the water masses [9], and the methane production of bivalves has always been part of the well-known biogeochemical cycle of methane.
Larger organisms, such as a cave-adapted shrimp species, feed off these methanotrophic microbes.
2011) will likely further reduce the global methanotrophic C[H.sub.4] sink, and increase C[H.sub.4] and [N.sub.2]O emissions.
An additional proteomic analysis of the deep-sea mussel gill reveals nutritional and energetic dependency of the mussel on its methanotrophic symbionts.
Ojala, "Methanotrophic activity in relation to methane efflux and total heterotrophic bacterial production in a stratified, humic, boreal lake," Limnology and Oceanography, vol.