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Elie, Russian biologist in Paris and Nobel laureate, 1845-1916. See: Metchnikoff theory.
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Metchnikoff was correct in stating that the study of aging should not be neglected.
And then, Metchnikoff had a tremendous intuitive insight that made him the "Founding Father of Probiotics." Metchnikoff believed that the long healthy lifespans of Bulgarians was related to their daily consumption of fermented milk products like yogurt and kefir.
Reclus, Kropotkin, Metchnikoff and others were committed both to the redaction of the monumental New Universal Geography and to the construction of the Federation jurassienne, the first anarchist organisation in history (Vuilleumier, 2012).
Luba Vikhanski's Immunity: How Elie Metchnikoff Changed the Course of Modern Medicine makes newly fascinating the story of this once-legendary scientist.
Since Metchnikoff's (1893) classic demonstration of a foreign-body response in Scyphozoa (translucent jellyfish), we have made little additional progress in identifying the primary immune cells in cnidaria in general--hydrozoa, anthozoa, schyphozoa, and cubozoa.
Thanks to mostly to Metchnikoff, the naturopathic profession, a handful of allopathic doctors, and a few scattered and vintage medical articles, we had some vague ideas about dysbiosis but very few details with which to understand it better, let alone treat it effectively.
Diatraea saccharalis is susceptible to Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) and Metarhizium anisopliae (Metchnikoff) Sorokin (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae), and contact with these entomopathogenic fungi can affect the biological characteristics of this insect (Williams et al.
In the early 1900s, Nobel Prize winner Elie Metchnikoff found that certain "healthy bacteria,'' like those that produce lactic acid, can have a positive effect on digestion and the immune system.
The probiotic concept dates back to the 1900s and the Ukrainian-born Nobel Prize winner Elie Metchnikoff, who noticed that consumption of milk products containing bacteria contributed to the long and healthy lives of Bulgarian peasants.