methanol

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methanol

 [meth´ah-nol]
a poisonous colorless liquid used as a solvent and fuel; ingestion may cause blindness or death. Called also methyl or wood alcohol.

meth·yl al·co·hol

CH3OH; a flammable, toxic, mobile liquid, used as an industrial solvent, antifreeze, and in chemical manufacture; ingestion may result in severe acidosis, visual impairment, and other effects on the central nervous system.

methanol

A polar alcohol used as an industrial solvent; it is miscible with water, ethanol, ether, and petroleum derivatives (e.g., gasoline), and can be found in canned fuel and in antifreeze, from which it may be abused as an inebriant by indigent alcoholics. Methanol is metabolised to formaldehyde and formate, causing severe metabolic acidosis, optic nerve damage and blindness.
 
Toxic range
60–250 ml; as little as 15 ml can be fatal.

Management
Overload patient with ethanol, which competes with methanol for sites on alcohol dehydrogenase, reducing methanol metabolites and toxicity.

methanol

Toxicology A polar alcohol used as an industrial solvent miscible with water, ethanol, ether, petroleum derivatives–eg, gasoline, in canned fuel and in antifreeze, where it may be abused as an inebriant by indigent alcoholics; methanol is metabolized to formaldehyde and formate, causing significant metabolic acidosis and optic nerve damage and blindness Toxic range 60-250 ml; as little as 15 ml has been fatal Management Overload Pt with ethanol–which competes with methanol for sites on alcohol dehydrogenase, reducing methanol metabolites and toxicity

meth·yl al·co·hol

(meth'il al'kŏ-hol)
A flammable, toxic, mobile liquid, used as an industrial solvent and antifreeze, and in the manufacture of chemicals; ingestion may result in severe acidosis, visual impairment, and other effects on the central nervous system.
Synonym(s): methanol.

meth·yl al·co·hol

(meth'il al'kŏ-hol)
Flammable toxic liquid, used as an industrial solvent, antifreeze, and in chemical manufacture; ingestion may result in severe acidosis and other effects on the central nervous system.
Synonym(s): methanol.
References in periodicals archive ?
White crystals (18 mg); M.P 227 [degrees]C; UV (MeOH): 287, 327; [.sup.1]H-NMR (500 MHz CD[Cl.sub.3],) [delta]: (J in Hz) 3.92 (s, threeH, OC[H.sub.3]) 7.25 (d, twoH, 9.1, H-3', 5'), 7.95 (d, twoH, 9.1, H-2', 6'),6.94 (br.s, H, H-8), 6.87 (br.
faecalis MRSA EtOH 200 200 200 MeOH 200 400 200 DCM 800 800 800 Ampicillin 1.56 3.12 1.56 Amikacin -- -- -- Ciprofloxacin 1.56 3.12 1.56 Fluconazole -- -- -- Amphotericin B -- -- -- E.
For the reaction between DPPH and Trolox, the highest n (1.92) was observed in buffer at pH 7.4, followed by buffer solution at pH 5 and water, with the lowest one in MeOH. The oxidation of Trolox by [ABTS.sup.+] in water resulted in n = 1.79.
The duck bile paste 100 g was dissolved in the system composed of 1000 mL MeOH, 300 mL 20.0% Ca[Cl.sub.2], and 600 mL 60% glacial acetic acid.
hGDNT was finally obtained in the last step using CH[Cl.sub.3]: MeOH (90: 10 v/v) resulting in a dark brown band.
Brown oil (MeOH); [[alpha]].sup.25.sub.D] 5.0 (c 0.025, methanol); UV (methanol) [[lambda].sub.max] (log e): 211 (3.03); CD (c 4.6 x [10.sup.-3] M, methanol): [lambda] ([DELTA][epsilon]) 216 (0.20), 267 (6.85), 356 (0.21); IR (neat) [v.sub.max]: 3380 (br), 2963, 2933, 2878, 1689, 1436, 1381, 1253, 1081, 1026 [cm.sup.-1]; for [sup.1]H NMR and [sup.13]C NMR data see Table 1; Positive HR-ESI-MS: m/z 431.1684 [[M + Na].sup.+] (calcd.
MeOH extract had no effect on the A2058 cells, and the water extract had no apparent cytotoxic effect on the three melanoma cell types.
For obtaining thin polysulfone films, polymer solutions of 20 g/dL in DMF for PSF, CMPSF1, and CMPSF2, DMF/methanol (MeOH) and DMF/water for PSFQ1, and in DMF/MeOH and MeOH/water for PSFQ2, respectively, were mixed at different composition ratios of these solvent mixtures, stirred in capped reagent bottles for 2 h at room temperature, and subsequently degassed.
Some experiments have shown that the hyphal growth of Gigaspora margarita is strongly influenced by 25% MeOH eluates of bahiagrass (Horii et al., 2009) and millet root extracts (unpublished data).