developmental disability

(redirected from Mental handicap)
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disability

 [dis″ah-bil´ĭ-te]
1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

developmental disability

n.
A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
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References in periodicals archive ?
The newly identified DNA rearrangements often run in families, underscoring the need for genetic screening of children who have mental handicaps of unknown origin, the researchers hold.
Self-injurious behavior in people with mental handicap: A total population study.
It also would bar the passage of any city ordinance, resolution, referendum, or policy that "discriminates on the basis of race, age, religion, color, national origin, ancestry, gender, sexual orientation, physical or mental handicap, or medical condition."
Five women with mild mental handicap and one woman with epilepsy also received a second diagnosis of personality disorder.
It was the presence of this condition that caused the tenant, on appeal and before the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, to assert that the owner's commencement and prosecution of a nuisance proceeding constituted discrimination on the basis of a mental handicap in violation of the Fair Housing Act (42 U.S.C.
The definition of "disabled" is quite broad under the act, and includes individuals who have a physical or mental handicap or impairment which limits one or more of the following activities: hearing, seeing, speaking, walking, learning, care for oneself, breathing, and working.
The scope of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act was enlarged by the tactic of amending a single section in the act; the amendment redefined "physical handicap" to mean "a physical or mental handicap." This change was intended to reinterpret "physical handicap" everywhere that it appeared in a fairly lengthy act.
The proposal would also include a provision for someone with a physical or mental handicap that impairs the ability to pass the exam to apply for a waiver.
The real problem is that people with a mental handicap do not have the means to be able to deal with the difficulties of a particular situation.
Charity opera performance with soprano Katerina Mina for the charity Angaliazo and the Association for the Welfare of Persons with Mental Handicap. March 18.
It is clear that the increase of elderly people is costing a great deal, with chronic conditions and the general income and circumstances making a difference, but the sufferers from mental conditions and what was once mental handicap are having far worse life chances.