Mendelson's syndrome


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Mendelson's syndrome

Etymology: Curtis L. Mendelson, American obstetrician, b. 1913
a respiratory condition caused by the aspiration of acidic gastric contents into the lungs. It usually occurs when a person vomits while inebriated, stuporous from anesthesia, or unconscious, as during a seizure. It is marked by bronchoconstriction and destruction of the tracheal mucosa, progressing to a syndrome resembling acute respiratory distress syndrome. Also called pulmonary acid aspiration syndrome.

Patient discussion about Mendelson's syndrome

Q. What Causes Aspiration Pneumonia? My father is hospitalized with aspiration pneumonia. What causes this?

A. Aspiration pneumonia is a pneumonia that develops due to the entrance of foreign material that enter the bronchial tree (air tubes), usually oral or gastric contents (including food, saliva, or nasal secretions). Aspiration pneumonia represents a either a bacterial infection or a chemical inflammatory process due to inadequate swallowing mechanism.

More discussions about Mendelson's syndrome
References in periodicals archive ?
Gastric aspiration or Mendelson's syndrome occurs when gastric acid comes into contact with the lungs due to the absence of a cough reflex (Ewart 2007).
Any patient who suffers from increased gastric volume or delayed gastric emptying is at risk from Mendelson's syndrome (Kozial et al 2000).
The restriction is thought to prevent Mendelson's syndrome (named after work by Dr.