Mediterranean fever

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


Infectious diseases caused by the bacteria Brucella melitensis biovars, characterized by fever, sweating, weakness, orchitis, aches, and pains, and transmitted to humans by direct contact with diseased animals or through ingestion of infected meat, milk, or cheese, and particularly hazardous to veterinarians, farmers, and slaughterhouse workers; although some crossing over by species may occur, Brucella melitensis, Brucella melitensis biovar abortus, Brucella melitensis biovar canis, and Brucella melitensis biovar suis characteristically affect goats, cattle, dogs, and swine, respectively.

Mediterranean fever

Mediterranean fever

(1) Boutonneuse fever—Rickettsia conorii infection
(2) Brucellosis, see there
(3) Familial Mediterranean fever [MIM 249100]

Mediterranean fever

Familial Mediterranean fever see there.

Mediterranean fever



Sir David, English surgeon, 1855-1931.
Brucella abortus - infectious bacteria causing abortions in cattle, sheep, mares; causes undulant fever in man and a wasting disease in chickens. Synonym(s): abortus bacillus; Bang bacillus
Brucella - a genus of encapsulated, nonmotile bacteria (family Brucellaceae) causing infection of the genital organs, the mammary gland, and the respiratory and intestinal tracts.
brucellosis - an infectious disease caused by Brucella, and transmitted by direct contact with diseased animals or through ingestion of infected meat, milk, or cheese. Synonym(s): febris undulans; Malta fever; Mediterranean fever; undulant fever


named after the Mediterranean Sea or region.

Mediterranean coast fever
see theileriaannulata infection in cattle.
Mediterranean fever
Mediterranean lymphoma
a human disease resembling plasmacytoid lymphoma in horses.
Mediterranean squill

Patient discussion about Mediterranean fever

Q. Can Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) cause a heart enlargement? A friend of mine is suffering from FMF. its usually doesn't bother him that much and when it dose the symptoms are stomach ache and fever. he has no heart symptoms and takes no medications. his physician told him that because of the FMF he might suffer from a heart enlargement, and that he should take some oral medications daily to prevent it. how can it be?

A. This question can't be answered with a strict yes or no.
although FMF on its own can't cause heart enlargement, FMF can cause amyloidosis because of the recurrent inflammation. this may lead to enlargement of the heart which is a severe disease.
the good side is that taking medication can decrease the chance of the cardiac enlargement.

More discussions about Mediterranean fever
References in periodicals archive ?
Based upon the laboratory results and the patient's clinical and family history, Chronic Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) was suspected.
Familial Mediterranean fever at the Millennium Clinical spectrum ancient mutations and a survey of 100 American referrals to the National institutes of Health.
Advances in the understanding of familial Mediterranean fever and possibilities for targeted therapy.
Keywords: Familial Mediterranean fever, Anakinra, Canakinumab.
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary autoinflammatory disease characterized by repeated attacks of fever abdominal pain, pleuritic chest pain, and arthritis.
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disorder characterized by periodic fever and serosal inflammation.
Patient denied any constipation, diarrhea, rectal bleedingor any history associated with inflammatory bowel disease, or familial Mediterranean fever.
In this study, we aimed to examine whether there is an endothelial dysfunction in patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) and the relationship between EMPs and activation of the disease in children with FMF.
These genes include the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes of the hypervariable major histocompatability complex (MHC), which are genes important for pharmacogenomics such as CYP2D6, as well as genes thought to be involved in rare inherited autosomal recessive disorders like familial Mediterranean fever and UpshawShalman syndrome.
According to the company, Ilaris is the first and only US FDA-approved biologic treatment for patients with Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor-Associated Periodic Syndrome (TRAPS), Hyperimmunoglobulin D Syndrome (HIDS)/Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency (MKD) and Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF).

Full browser ?