robotic surgery

(redirected from Medical robot)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.
The use of robotic devices—e.g., Intuitive Surgical’s DaVinci system—which have miniaturised cameras and precision lasers to conduct minimally invasive surgical procedures—e.g., prostatectomy, cystectomy, and many other procedures. One surgeon sits at a console near the opened patient and has 3-D images of the site and manipulates laparoscopic tools with hand and foot controls; the second surgeon controls suction, exposure of the operative field, retraction and changes the robot’s tools
Pros Precision due to three-dimensional magnification, and device articulation beyond that of conventional surgery, miniaturization, smaller incisions, decreased blood loss, less pain, quicker healing time
Cons Expense; each DaVinci costs nearly $2 million

robotic surgery

A technology to use robotic devices, based on the engineering principles of those used in automobile manufacture, which promises to improve the precision and ease of surgery. Robotic arms have for some time been used to replace surgical assistants holding retractors, and more advanced devices are now in use. Telemanipulations systems exist by which the surgeon's hand movements are accurately reproduced within the patient's body. Internal mammary artery, coronary artery bypass surgery has been performed successfully on the beating heart using such a device with an internal 3-D camera and ventilation of the right lung only.
References in periodicals archive ?
The foundation for the robot comes from the research group of Stefano Stramigioli, who works on the development of medical robots as a professor of Advanced Robotics.
Medical robots are the type of robots that are mainly used in medical sciences and they are mostly telemanipulators.
The team's robotic catheter (medical robot) navigated using an optical touch sensor, informed by a map of the cardiac anatomy and preoperative scans.
According to "Markets and Markets," a market tracker, the global market for medical robots is expected to grow by 22.2 percent on-year on average, reaching $11.4 billion by 2020, up from $ 4.2 billion in 2015.
A future where hospitals would see humans and medical robots working abreast is near.
The medical robot is a product of development by a group of medical researchers and computer scientists headed by Peter Kim, who is a biochemist at the Children's National Health System.
Taylor has been engaged in development of medical robots for 40 years-the field of medical robot was technically non-existent when he started research-and has driven the field as a global leader for the last three decades.
"Software components and frameworks for medical robot control".
He is an inflatable, vinyl, medical robot based on actual technology being developed by scientists in America.
Above right and right, the da Vinci Si medical robot in use during surgery
A medical robot is being developed to help the elderly.

Full browser ?