The intent of the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) is to: assess candidates' understanding of science prerequisites necessary to the study and practice of medicine; provide a mechanism for the evaluation of analytical skills; and a basis by which medical admissions committees can attempt to predict performance in a medical curriculum, (Mitchell, 1987).
In recent years it was shown that among 420 entering students at Dartmouth Medical School several selection criteria including Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores, undergraduate science grade point averages, and college selectivity were useful in determining successful first-year medical students.
Focusing on factors in medical students backgrounds, he identified 21 possible predictor variables, including age at admission to Jefferson, undergraduate grade point average, going to a rural college as an undergraduate, Medical College Admission Test
scores, and parents' education.
These models appeared reasonable and workable for the college because the significant predictors, the Medical College Admission Test
(MCAT) scores, medical school freshman grade point average, sophomore course performance, and financial aid work-study dollars, were identified and included in the prediction equation.