In addition, del Sol & Vieira (1989) described the chondroepicondilar muscle, supernumerary fascicle of the pectoralis major muscle, that extends from the six and seventh costal cartilages and ascend with the muscle fibers and generates a long and thin tendon that extends from the anterior lip of the intertubercular groove to the medial epicondyle
of the humerus.
avulsion fractures account for approximately 10% of pediatric elbow fractures, usually ages 7-15 years.
A number of uncertainties surround the evaluation and treatment of medial epicondyle
fractures of the humerus in children.
Palmaris longus (PL) is a thin muscle which originates from the medial epicondyle
by a short belly, located superficially in the middle of the anterior aspect of the forearm.
Use of the epicondylar axis was logical because it essentially paralleled the center of knee rotation and was applied to the femoral rotational alignment during TKA., The surgical epicondylar axis was identified by two points, one on the medial epicondyle
(sulcus) and one on the lateral epicondyle (prominence). The AIN was used as a bony anatomical landmark to identify the proper entry point [Figure 2]b.
Two small incisions were made, one just beneath and off the superior pole of patella and another starting at the adductor tubercle and ending just distal to the medial epicondyle
of the femur.
The chronological order of appearance of the elbow ossification centers follows this rule: capitellum, radial head, medial epicondyle
, trochlea, olecranon, and lateral epicondyle.
The anomalous FCUM was arising with the common tendon from the medial epicondyle
; however, the belly of the muscle was split into two parts proximally at the forearm, and extended with two tendons through the distal forearm (Figure 1).
The medial epicondyle
is on the inside part of the elbow.
reported the clinical results of excision of the medial epicondyle
and ligament reconstruction using tendon grafts in 5 cases .
Proximal to the elbow joint, the ulnar nerve passes into the posterior compartment of the arm and descends between the medial epicondyle
of the humerus and olecranon process of the ulna to form the ulnar groove.
In our report, distal humeral bone fracture was divided into three types of fracture: Supracondylar, lateral condyle and medial epicondyle
. After noting some fractures, we found that a total of 112 cases made this type of fracture the second most common.