medial circumflex femoral artery

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me·di·al cir·cum·flex fem·o·ral ar·ter·y

[TA]
artery that, with the lateral circumflex femoral artery encircles the proximal femur and is the primary blood supply of the femoral head and neck; origin, profunda femoris; distribution, hip joint, muscles of thigh; anastomoses, inferior gluteal, superior gluteal, lateral circumflex femoral (so-called "cruciate anastomosis").

medial circumflex femoral artery

an artery that passes medially around the shaft of the femur and near the margin of the adductor brevis, giving off a small branch, which enters the hip joint through the acetabular notch and anastomoses with the acetabular branch of the obturator artery, then divides into two major branches deep to the quadratus femoris muscle. One of these branches ascends to the trochanteric fossa and connects with branches of the gluteal and lateral circumflex femoral arteries. The other branch passes laterally to participate with other arteries to form an anastomotic network of vessels around the hip.

me·di·al cir·cum·flex fem·o·ral ar·te·ry

(mē'dē-ăl sĭr'kŭm-fleks fem'ŏr-ăl ahr'tĕr-ē) [TA]
Origin, profunda femoris; distribution, hip joint, muscles of thigh; anastomoses, inferior gluteal, superior gluteal, lateral circumflex femoral.
Synonym(s): arteria circumflexa femoris medialis, medial circumflex artery of thigh, medial femoral circumflex artery.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two to six arteries are needed to form the extraneural arterial chain of the sciatic nerve, which pass to it from neighboring arteries, perforating, popliteal artery, inferior gluteal, and medial circumflex femoral at the certain level (Ugrenovic et al.
Trueta reported that LCPD was caused by vascular insufficiency of the lateral epiphyseal artery (the branch of the medial circumflex femoral artery) [11].
Perineoscrotal reconstruction using a medial circumflex femoral artery perforator flap.
Scrotal reconstruction following Fournier gangrene using the medial circumflex femoral artery perforator flap.
Superiority of medial circumflex femoral artery perforator flap in scrotal reconstruction.
The muscular branches of the obturator nerve and the medial circumflex femoral and obturator vessels ramify within and perforate these intermuscular fascial layers in order to supply the surrounding muscles.
The second instance was anterior to the proximal part of the adductor magnus muscle, where the posterior division is crossed by the arterial anastomosis between the muscular branches of the medial circumflex femoral artery and the anterior branch of the obturator artery (Figure 4).
This is thought to be due to external compression on the arterial supply to the sciatic nerve, which most commonly arises from the medial circumflex femoral and inferior gluteal arteries [10-13].
To the best of our knowledge, there is no current literature on this topic, and anatomical studies analysing the effect of raised compartment pressure on the medial circumflex femoral and inferior gluteal arteries could shed light on whether sciatic nerve viability is likely to be the norm, rather than the exception.
In the femoral triangle it gave branches to the muscles in the floor of femoral triangle and anastomosed with the medial circumflex femoral artery.
A branch enters the trochanteric fossa to join the inferior gluteal artery and ascending branch of the medial circumflex femoral artery while other branches run through gluteus minimus muscle to supply the hip joint (Standring).

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