In addition to antidepressants, treatments with evidence for preventing suicide include means restriction
and cognitive-behavioral therapy.
However, means restriction
policies (such as limiting access to pesticides and firearms or putting barriers on bridges) require an understanding of the method preferences of different groups in society and depend on cooperation and collaboration among multiple sectors.
A number of subsequent studies (e.g., Bennewith, Nowers, & Gunnell, 2007; Reisch & Michel, 2005) and literature reviews (Beautrais, 2007; Beautrais & Gibb, 2009) examining the effects of bridge barriers on suicidal behavior have reported similar results, indicating that placing physical barriers on bridges (i.e., engaging in means restriction
) can save lives.
"This study reminds us that means restriction
may not work everywhere, and that we have much to learn about the determinants of the choice of method in suicidal acts," writes David Gunnell from the University of Bristol and Matthew Miller from Harvard School of Public Health, in an accompanying editorial.
"What they are attempting to do is an essential element in suicide prevention; it's a step towards improving 'means restriction
'," says Satow, whose son Jed, a student at the University of Arizona, took his own life in 1998.
"No-deal means restrictions
on travel and freedom to work, it reduces diversity in work, creates funding difficulties for co-productions and reduces the capacity for people to work and create."
It means restrictions
on his ability to apply for credit and a ban on him being a director of a company have been lifted.
That means restrictions
on the purchase of rifles would do little or nothing for the homicide rate.
The good news for Sunday is that less smoke means restrictions
on air travel will be lifted and more fire tankers can drop water and chemical retardant, Flory said.
There are still restrictions on over 40 of these films today." (Moeller, who previously surveyed the terrain in the poignant Harlanin the Shadow of the Jew Suss , means restrictions
in Germany, where the public availability and exhibition of the Nazi oeuvre is strictly controlled.)
These issues include orientation and engagement, crisis intervention, accessibility after hours, suicide prevention hotlines, emergency appointment capability, use of emergency departments, psychiatric emergency services, involuntary hospitalization and use of the police, use of mobile outreach services, safety planning, involving family and friends, means restrictions
, treatment techniques (cognitive therapy, behavioural approach, bibliotherapy, individual vs.
London's main airports remained open but the ash cloud from an Icelandic volcano means restrictions
are now in place over the Midlands, northern England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.