The Matthew Effect
assists in understating advantage at both micro and macro levels.
The important influence of the family's educational resources cannot be overlooked while exploring the operational mechanisms of the Matthew effect
in learning performance.
See Ali, Bhattacharyya, and Olejniczak (2010) for an empirical analysis of the Matthew Effect
in the awarding of federal research grants.
The Matthew effect
. Originating within the field of sociology, the Matthew effect
describes a situation wherein an individual possesses an excessive amount of resources and then leverages those resources to obtain even more (Merton, 1973).
The "Matthew effect
" refers to a pattern of increasing advantage or disadvantage following initial advantage or disadvantage.
Onwuegbuzie, Collins, and Elbedour (2003) found what they identified as a Matthew effect
. Specifically, cooperative learning groups that contained the highest achievers, as demonstrated by individually obtained grades, in contrast to groups containing lowest achievers, produced group outcomes of the highest quality.
While this trend, known as the Matthew Effect
(Stanovich, 1986), seems to occur with any type of joint book reading experience, exceptions can be found in the extant literature.
Lastly, to fully understand how the bioecological paradigm and the Dickens and Flynn models can help to explain the development of high ability, we must consider one final aspect of a multiplier effect encompassed in what has been called the Matthew Effect
. Essentially, the idea behind the Matthew Effect
is that initial advantage begets future advantage (i.e., "the rich get richer and the poor get poorer").
This is the round that could trigger the Matthew effect
, so called for the passage in the gospel of Matthew: "For to him who has will more be given, and he will have abundance; but from him who has not, even what he has will be taken away."
An interesting phenomenon found in the use of scholarly and scientific literature that has implications for libraries is the Matthew Effect
(first discovered by Robert Merton, the well-known sociologist of science), named after the Biblical passage in St.
This is a well known "Matthew effect
" in science ("give-to-those-who-have-and-take-from-those-who-haven't") |4~.