Prior studies have established that the international diversification of MNEs entails interacting with different cultures and different levels of economic and legal development, with the additional requirement of satisfying the needs of diverse stakeholder groups (governments, political parties, syndicates, NGOs, clients, suppliers, among others) (Crane and Matten
2010; Rodriguez et al.
Brammer, Stephen, Gregory Jackson, and Dirk Matten
(2012), "Corporate Social Responsibility and Institutional Theory: New Perspectives on Private Governance," Socio-Economic Review 10(1): 3-28.
e Moon (2008) indicaram que forcas regulatorias, normativas e cognitivas induzem a uma crescente padronizacao, assim como a racionalizacao das praticas nas organizacoes, ocorrendo tanto nas fronteiras industriais quanto nacionais.
e Moon (2008) a dividem em explicita e implicita (Quadro 1).
Crane and Matten
also list several factors under "situational
The questions assessing the knowledge of the medical students were based on 10 true or false questions developed by Matten
and collaborators (9).
Cheesemaker and musician, Alex James, has teamed up with Katie Matten
and Caroline Bell, of award-winning dairy, Shepherds Purse, to 're-mix' the recipe.
As for business ethics, Crane and Matten
(2010) view it as "the study of business situations, activities, and decisions where issues of right and wrong are addressed." However, the problem with this definition is lack of consensus about right and wrong.
To clarify the context within which the term Corporate Citizenship is used, the definition proposed by Matten
and Crane is employed, "Corporate Citizenship describes the role of the corporation in administering rights for individuals.
This became the first example of field resistance to commercial Bt crops in the world (US EPA 2007; Matten