German chamomile

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Related to Matricaria recutita: German chamomile, Aloysia triphylla

chamomile

Ayurvedic medicine
Chamomile has been used for women’s complaints, indigestion and colicky children.

Herbal medicine
An annual herb, the flowers of which contain choline, coumarins (e.g., umbelliferone), cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoids (e.g., rutin), salicylate derivatives, tannins and volatile oils (e.g., bisabolol and chamazulene). Chamomile is administered as a tea, extract, tincture or ointment. German chamomile tea is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anxiolytic, carminative, expectorant and sedative; it has been used to treat acne, anxiety, asthma, bacterial and fungal infections, colicky infants, diarrhoea, flatulence, gout, headaches, indigestion, insomnia, irritable bowel, menstrual cramping, pruritus, rheumatic disease and sciatica. In Russia, Roman chamomile is used for colds, gastric complaints, colitis, as a sedative gargle, and topically for eczema and inflammation.

Most herbalists use German chamomile and Roman chamomile interchangeably.
 
Homeopathy
See Chamomilla.
  
Pseudomedicine
An essence in the pseudoscience of flower therapy which is believed to balance emotions, calm nerves and brighten moods.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

German chamomile

An annually flowering member of the aster family (Matricaria recutita). Teas made from the flower are used as a mild sedative, an astringent, a cosmetic hair rinse, an analgesic, and an antispasmodic in the treatment of colic, indegestion, and irritable bowel syndrome, . Oils extracted from the plant are used in alternative and complementary medicine to relieve itch. Some people are sensitive to the plant's oilsand may develop contact dermatitis after exposure. Synonym: wild chamomile
See also: chamomile
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
In a study that compared a mouthwash with 1% concentration of Matricaria recutita (group I) with a placebo mouthwash (group II), group I showed significant reduction in assess ment, showing that the symptoms, healing period, and the number of lesions decrease after two days using the mouthwash, which corroborates the results of this review [31].
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral Matricaria recutita (chamomile) extract therapy for generalized anxiety disorder.
Package intact (10 cm width x 15 cm length) (verse) of Matricaria recutita (Asteraceae) (source: second author).
Effect of saline irrigation water on agronomical and phytochemical characters of chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.).
ColiMil[R] (which contains Matricaria recutita flowers extract, Foeniculum vulgare fruit extract and Melissa officinalis aerial parts extract) and fennel oil emulsions have also been shown to be effective in the treatment of colic in infants.
Many other plants have shown promise against mosquitoes, and among them are yarrow (Achillea millfolium), sweet Annie (Artemisia annua), hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis), German chamomile (Matricaria recutita), bog myrtle (Myrica gale), lantana, marsh tea (Ledum palustre), sassafras and sandalwood.
McKay, et al., "A Review of the Bioactivity and Potential Health Benefits of Chamomile Tea (Matricaria recutita L.)," Phytother.
Common annual herbs such as Matricaria recutita and Taraxacum officinalis fall into this category.
Asteraceae estuvo representada por 10 generos y 12 especies que corresponden a plantas conocidas localmente como hierba maestra (Artemisia absinthium L.), manzanilla (Matricaria recutita L.), arnica (Heterotheca inuloides Cass), Santa Maria (Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch.
Matricaria recutita (chamomile) is a daisy like plant (Figure 2).