In an experiment with rodents (Mastomys
coucha) the crude extract from stem of Lantana by oral route shows antifilarial efficacy (Mishra et al., 2007) by killing 40% of adult Brugia malayi parasites and sterilizing three fourth of the female worms.
Rodents, particularly Mastomys
natalensis, are considered the natural hosts of the virus (2).
Host ecology and variation in helminth community structure in Mastomys
rodents from Senegal.
(5,6,17) These tumors are considered rare in domestic animals, except in Saanen breed dairy goats, (5,18,19) and African soft-furred rats (Mastomys
microstoma incluyen una amplia lista de roedores de los generos Apodemus, Dendromus, Leggada, Mastomys
y Mus), jerbos (Meriones Illiger) y ratones de campo (Microtus Schrank) (Schmidt 1986, Litchford 1963).
The animal reservoir of the virus is the multimammate mouse (Mastomys
Microfilariae (mf) were obtained from the peritoneal cavity and adult worm collected from the lymphatic tissue of infected Mastomys
However, it has been studied under laboratory conditions in Mastomys
natalensis (Johnston and Oliff, 1954), Baiomys taylori (Hudson, 1974), Peromyscus californicus (Gubernick, 1988), and Proechimys chrysaeolus (Sabogal-Guaqueta et al., 2013), among others.
Mbise, "Forecasting rodent outbreaks in africa: an ecological basis for mastomys
control in tanzania," Journal of Applied Ecology, pp.
Schmid et al., "A polyamine pathway-mediated mitogenic mechanism in enterochromaffin-like cells of Mastomys
," American Journal of Physiology--Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, vol.
care management General supportive care (2) Ribavirin antiviral management Prevention Minimize tick burden Awareness in livestock, minimize EVD: good hygiene; human contact with avoid contact with blood vertebrate hosts and body fluids MHF: protect pigs from fruit bats contact Emerging Middle East Respiratory disease Syndrome & SARS Lassa Fever Year of MERS: 2012 Isolated in 1969 (re)emergence SARS: 2002 Causative MERS: MERS-CoV Lassa virus organism Type/class of Virus (Coronaviridae) Virus (Arenaviridae) organism Vector/animal Not well known; camel is Mastomys
rats host implicated as reservoir host Epidemiology MERS: case fatality At least 100,000 cases approx.