(19,20) The RDAS consists of 14 items evaluating the couple's agreement on decisions and appropriate behaviour, marital satisfaction and marital cohesion
. The RDAS scores range between 0 and 69, with a low score indicating a distressed dyadic adjustment.
Thus, this preliminary research seems to strengthen the notion that Christian couples should, at least in part, focus on improving their relationship with God so as to enhance marital cohesion
, satisfaction, agreement, and affective expression.
At baseline, higher marital stress correlated with poorer blood glucose control and higher depression, and lower marital cohesion correlated with higher systolic blood pressure.
We hypothesized that higher levels of marital stress and less satisfaction would predict poorer medical and psychosocial outcomes, whereas higher levels of marital cohesion would predict better medical and psychosocial outcomes.
In fact, these researchers found that parenting a child who is being treated for cancer may even bring about increased marital cohesion
. Barbarin and his colleagues found that most parents in their sample had a more positive attitude toward their spouse.
Although politicians talk about the importance of family and 'family values', Beck-Gernsheim argues that these societal changes and expectations actually discourage marital cohesion
and caring family relationships.
Univariate ANOVAS and pairwise comparison on the measures of marital functioning indicated that the depressed group scored significantly lower than the non-depressed group on two aspects of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale, marital satisfaction and marital cohesion, than the non-depressed group.
Following significant one-way ANOVAS comparing groups on the satisfaction and cohesion scales of the DAS, pairwise comparisons demonstrated that the depressed and mildly depressed groups reported less marital satisfaction than the non-depressed group, and that the depressed group reported less marital cohesion than the mildly depressed and non-depressed groups.
Marital adjustment may be conceptualized as a process and the outcome is determined by the amount of (i) troublesome marital differences (ii) interpersonal tensions and personal anxiety (iii) marital satisfaction (iv) marital cohesion, and (5) consensus on matters of importance to marital functioning (Spanier, 1976).
The study aimed to check predictability of the various facets of marital adjustment (marital consensus, affection expression, marital satisfaction, marital cohesion, and overall marital adjustment), each measure at a time as criterion (dependent variable), by 'coping strategies' (behavioral approach, cognitive approach, cognitive behavioral approach, behavioral avoidance, Cognitive avoidance) as predictors (independent variables).
This scale measures four aspects of a relationship: marital satisfaction, marital cohesion, marital consensus, and affective expression.
Marital cohesion has a positive and significant relation with new possibilities, personal strengths, spiritual change, and appreciation of life.