vacuum aspiration

(redirected from Manual vacuum aspiration)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms.

aspiration

 [as″pĭ-ra´shun]
inhalation of some foreign material; aspiration of vomitus, blood, or mucus may occur when a person is unconscious or under the effects of a general anesthetic, and can be avoided by keeping the head turned to the side and removing all such foreign material from the air passages.
A, Types of aspiration. A, Aspiration before swallow caused by reduced tongue control. B, Aspiration before swallow caused by absent swallow response. C, Aspiration during swallow caused by reduced laryngeal closure. D Aspiration after swallow caused by pooled material in pyriform sinuses overflowing into airway. From Logemann J: Evaluation and Treatment of Swallowing Disorders, San Diego, College-Hill Press, 1983.
withdrawal of fluid by an aspirator; the method is widely used in hospitals, especially during surgery, to drain the area of the body being operated on and keep it clear of excess blood and other fluids to facilitate visualization of the surgical field. Sometimes after extensive surgery, suction drainage under the skin is used to speed the healing process.
meconium aspiration inhalation of meconium by the fetus or newborn, which may result in atelectasis, emphysema, pneumothorax, or pneumonia.
risk for aspiration a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a state in which an individual is at risk for entry of gastric secretions, oropharyngeal secretions, solids, or fluids into the tracheobronchial passage.
vacuum aspiration a form of induced abortion in which the uterine contents are removed by application of a vacuum through a hollow curet or a cannula introduced into the uterus.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

vacuum aspiration

n.
A method of abortion performed during the first trimester of pregnancy in which the contents of the uterus are withdrawn through a narrow tube. Also called suction curettage, vacuum curettage.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

vacuum aspiration

Evacuation of the contents of the uterus by a curet or catheter attached to a suction apparatus. The procedure is performed before the 12th week of gestation. It is the most common form of surgical abortion. Synonym: suction aspiration
See also: aspiration
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
The electric procedure was also associated with a significantly higher risk of intrauterine adhesions after the procedure, compared with the manual vacuum aspiration (5.2% vs.
Manual vacuum aspiration and medical termination of pregnancy with Misoprostol have been introduced to replace this method.
A comparative study between manual vacuum aspiration and electrical vacuum aspiration for the first trimester medical termination of pregnancy.
Patients may elect manual vacuum aspiration at any time if the gestational sac and/or embryo have not passed.
Patients choosing surgery underwent manual vacuum aspiration with local anesthesia at their initial office visit.
A study in India found that compared with women who had undergone manual vacuum aspiration, those who had had a medication abortion delayed initiation of postabortion contraception and were much less likely to adopt a contraceptive method within a month of the abortion.
the first patient underwent manual vacuum aspiration and the next one underwent dilatation and curettage.
"MANUAL VACUUM ASPIRATION: A SAFE AND EFFECTIVE TREATMENT FOR EARLY MISCARRIAGE"
Sublingual versus vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening PRIOR to manual vacuum aspiration under local anaesthesia.
Training in manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) for uterine evacuation was introduced, for use by midwives as well as obstetrician-gynaecologists, with local anaesthesia.
In sub-Saharan Africa manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) is the standard management of an incomplete miscarriage, and recent trials have compared oral misoprostol (600 micrograms) with MVA to measure outcomes and side-effects.