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a tuberculin skin test in which a solution of 0.1 mL of PPD-tuberculin containing 5 tuberculin units is injected intradermally into either the anterior or posterior surface of the forearm. The test is read 48 to 72 hours after injection. The size of the area of any induration at the site of injection, in combination with patient risk factors, is used to determine whether the test is positive, that is, whether exposure to or infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the agent causing tuberculosis) or a related organism has occurred.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
application of the skin test to the diagnosis of infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in which tuberculin or its "purified" protein derivative serves as an antigen (allergen); injection of graduated doses of tuberculin or of purified protein derivative into the skin, most often by means of a needle and syringe (Mantoux test) or by means of tines (tine test); test material may also be applied by means of a "patch" in which it is absorbed but this method (patch test) is considered less reliable; the test is read on the basis of induration and erythema, the former being considered the more diagnostic of infection with the tubercle bacillus (M. tuberculosis); the test does not distinguish between infection in a resistant person without disease and a person with clinical manifestations of disease.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Mantoux test(măn-to͞o′, män-)
A tuberculin test in which a small amount of tuberculin is injected under the skin.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Mantoux testAn intracutaneous test used to diagnose TB based on hypersensitivity to tuberculin, a concentrate of TB antigen, the standard preparation of which is purified protein derivative.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mantoux testMantoux tuberculin skin test An intracutaneous test used to diagnose TB based on hypersensitivity to tuberculin, a concentrate of TB antigen, the standard preparation of which is PPD–purified protein derivative. See PPD, Tuberculin test, Tuberculosis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
tu·ber·cu·lin test(tū-bĕr'kyū-lin test)
A dermatologic procedure in which tuberculin or its purified protein derivative (PPD) is injected into the skin; the test is read on the basis of local induration occurring in 48-72 hours.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
Mantoux testA skin test for resistance to TUBERCULOSIS in which a small quantity of a sterile liquid derived from a culture of tubercle bacilli (tuberculin) is injected into the skin and the local reaction noted. A negative result suggests susceptibility to tuberculosis and may prompt vaccination with BCG. The test is now performed by a rapid multiple puncture technique, similar to the Heaf test, but using disposable, multiple-tine test units. (Charles Mantoux, 1887–1947, French physician).
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005