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The European mandrake, Mandragora officinalis, or Atropa mandragora (family Solanaceae), the mandrake mentioned in the Bible; its properties are similar to those of stramonium, hyoscyamus, and belladonna.
[G. mandragoras]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


Herbal medicine
A trivial name given to a family of medicinal herbs of the nightshade family:
(1) Mayapple, see there; Podophyllum peltatum;
(2) A Mediterranean perennial of the nightshade family that contains alkaloids, including hyoscyamine, mandragorin and podophyllin; it was once used as an anaesthetic and sedative. The hyoscyamine in mandrake, which is a deliriant hallucinogenic tropane alkaloid, and the root’s vague resemblance to the naked human body have made it popular in neopagan religions such as Wicca and Germanic revivalism religions such as Odinism.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
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One of the earliest literary references to mandragora is found in the Bible (c.
I gave him a drug, but a soporific, mandragora, well known for its proven lethargic effect, which produces a coma very much like death ...
His works contain several references to mandragora's use as a sedative, (8) a charm (9) or as curse.
Hermione answers: "Mandrake, or Mandragora, is a powerful restorative ...
Mandragora (Beshdamar Otu)' [A magical plant in worldwide and Cypriot popular wisdom ...
Bayat, Ali Haydar (2002) 'Mandragora [Adamotu]' (The mandrake [the plant--man]), in Yeni Tip Tarihi Arashtirmalari, no.
Eliade, Mircea (1986) 'The Cult of the Mandragora in Romania', in Zalmoxis, the Vanishing God: Comparative Studies in the Religions and Folklore of Dacia and Eastern Europe, trans.
(1905) 'The Mandragora of the Ancients in Folk-Lore and Medicine', Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston, XL, pp.