management by objectives

(redirected from Management by Objective)
Also found in: Financial.

management by objectives

A management philosophy in which subordinates are encouraged to share in decisions and policy-making by playing active roles in establishing goals, setting objectives and achieving those goals. Management by objectives (MBO) is a results-oriented, participatory style of management, which can integrate various elements such as planning, organisation and control. It assumes that identification of goals leads to more meaningful, purposeful action on the part of the organisation’s members; MBO allows a free exchange of ideas, information and suggestions, allowing management to understand the thinking of the group, and often reduces the layers of management.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anyone familiar with the workings of the federal government has seen these highly publicized imports from the private sector--the Planning-Programming-Budgeting System (PPBS) in the Kennedy and Johnson years, Management By Objective (MBO) under Nixon, Zero-Based Budgeting (ZBB) in the Carter administration--come in with great fanfare and quietly wither away.
Draft government decree establishing a management by objectives unit to monitor and control the programme to support the reform and modernisation of the police,
The seminar aimed at familiarizing the participants with the various administrative jobs and skills and providing the trainee with teamwork skills, work distribution skills, as well as taking part in decision-making and providing the participants with the skills of setting up and determining the objectives, besides the skills of applying management by objectives.
That was a large part of the early successes of concepts like management by objectives, quality circles, and business process reengineering.
There are many different types of management systems, including Management by Objectives (MBO), Total Quality Management (TQM), Quality Circles, Matrix Management, and Cross Functional Teaming.
Next were the industrial psychologists: Scott Myers with job enrichment; Frederick Herzberg with motivation and hygiene; Theory X-Theory Y from Douglas MacGregor; the social democracy of Rensis Likert; and management by objectives by George Odiorne - to name but a few.
Just ask Fred Malek, who was Nixon's OMB point man on Management by Objectives, a plan launched in 1971 to make agencies map out strategic plans and base budget decisions on their progress.
Although management by objectives seems to have gone out of fashion with many companies, it conjures favourable images of the management skills and purpose of professional communicators.
Full browser ?