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Related to malonyl: malonic acid, malate


The divalent moiety derived from malonic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tur Toraks Der 2011; 12: 88-93) Key words: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, nitric oxide, malonyl dialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, glutathionperoxidase
Various types of oxidative stress biomarkers have been investigated including glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, lipid peroxides, glutaredoxin, conjugated dienes, malonyl aldehyde and thiobarbituric acid.
Abbreviations AD: Alzheimer disease AO(s): Antioxidant(s) AOA: Antioxidant activity ARA: Antiradical activity CA: Calcium antagonist(s) CCB: Calcium channel blocker DHP(s): Dihydropyridine(s) DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid HEH: Hantzsch ester 4-HNE: 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal IMAC: Inner membrane anion channel Lox: Lipoxygenase LP: Lipid peroxidation MDA: Malonyl dialdehyde Mit: Mitochondria NADH: Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NADPH: Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate NO: Nitrogen oxide OS: Oxidative stress PD: Parkinson's disease RNS: Reactive nitrogen species ROS: Reactive oxygen species SOD: Superoxide dismutase TBARS: Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances TG: Triglycerides.
Calibration curves were obtained using external standards for daidzin, daidzein, genistin, genistein, glycitin, glycitein, malonyl daidzin, malonyl genistin, malonyl glycitin, acetyl daidzin, acetyl genistin and acetyl glycitin dissolved in methanol (chromatographic grade) at the following concentrations: 6.
Targeting malonyl CoA inhibition of mitochondrial fatty acid uptake as an approach to treat cardiac ischemia/reperfusion.
The soybean grains contain basically four different forms of isoflavones which are: glycosides (daidzin, genistin and glycitin) acetyl glycosides (acetyl-daidzin, acetyl-genistin and acetyl-glycitin), malonyl glycosides (malonyl-daidzin, malonyl-genistin and malonyl-glycitin) and the unconjugated structural form of aglycone (daidzein, genistein and glycitein).
Mechanistically, this report suggested that increased fatty acid oxidation mediated the generation of CD8 T cells, supporting the notion that activation of AMPK and subsequent inhibition of ACC and malonyl CoA production, promotes fatty acid oxidation.
Clear supernatants were taken for a malonyl dialdehyde (MDA) assay (25).
The concentrations of malonyl forms were determined based on the curves for the corresponding [beta]-glucosides and appropriate corrections for the molecular mass differences since the molar extinction coefficient of the esterified isoflavones are similar to that of the [beta]-glucosides (Barnes et al.
Bis-(6-hydroxyhexyl)-trans-4,4'-stilbene dicar-boxylate will be copolymerized with a known alkyl malonyl chloride.
We also hypothesised that moderately increased plasmatic levels of nitric oxide (NO) and malonyl dialdehyde (MDA) may play positive roles of mediators in the MCPs-induced collagen and ATP synthesis/storage, as well as in sebum production.