malabsorption

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Related to Malabsorption syndromes: multiple sclerosis, celiac disease, Crohn's disease, Whipple disease

malabsorption

 [mal″ab-sorp´shun]
impaired intestinal absorption of nutrients.
malabsorption syndrome a group of disorders marked by subnormal intestinal absorption of dietary constituents, and thus excessive loss of nutrients in the stool; it may be due to a digestive defect, a mucosal abnormality, or lymphatic obstruction.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mal·ab·sorp·tion

(mal'ab-sōrp'shŭn),
Imperfect, inadequate, or otherwise disordered gastrointestinal absorption.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

malabsorption

(măl′əb-zôrp′shən, -sôrp′-)
n.
Defective or inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

malabsorption

The suboptimal absorption of nutrients from the GI tract.

Clinical findings
Bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhoea.
 
Aetiology
Cystic fibrosis (number one cause in US), abetalipoproteinaemia, acrodermatitis enteropathica, biliary atresia, bovine lactalbumin (cow's milk protein) intolerance, coeliac disease (gluten-induced enteropathy), sprue, juvenile pernicious anaemia, lactose intolerance, parasites (Diphyllobothrium latum, Giardia lamblia, Necator americanus, Strongyloides stercoralis), soy milk protein intolerance, vitamin B12 malabsorption.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

malabsorption

GI disease A group of Sx–eg, gas, bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea due to the inability to properly absorb nutrients Etiology Cystic fibrosis–number one cause in US, abetalipoproteinemia, acrodermatitis enteropathica, biliary atresia, bovine lactalbumin intolerance–cow's milk protein, celiac disease–gluten-induced-enteropathy, sprue, juvenile pernicious anemia, lactose intolerance, parasites–Diphyllobothrium latum, Giardia lamblia, Necator americanus, Strongyloides stercoralis, soy milk protein intolerance, vitamin B12 malabsorption
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

mal·ab·sorp·tion

(mal'ab-sōrp'shŭn)
Imperfect, inadequate, or otherwise disordered gastrointestinal absorption.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

malabsorption

One of a number of disorders in which there is a failure of movement of some of the elements of the diet from the small intestine into the bloodstream so that MALNUTRITION may occur in spite of an adequate diet. See LACTASE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME, COELIAC DISEASE, STEATORRHOEA, RICKETS and OSTEOMALACIA.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Malabsorption

Defective or inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

mal·ab·sorp·tion

(mal'ab-sōrp'shŭn)
Imperfect or disordered gastrointestinal absorption.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
For decades, it has been assumed that vitamin [B.sub.12] deficiency is unlikely to occur except under special circumstances, such as the presence of pernicious anemia, vegetarianism, malabsorption syndromes, bacterial overgrowth, and other clinical conditions in which the function of the ileum is impaired (2, 3).
Presenting Symptoms of Patients with CVI Symptoms--Diagnoses # of cases Infections 20 Allergies 13 Bronchial asthma 10 Malabsorption syndromes 9 ITP 5 Aseptic arthritis 3 Hypothyroidism 2 Bronchiectasis 2 Rheumatoid arthritis 2 Crohn's disease 1 IgA deficiency 1 Table 2.
These deficiencies also may result from malabsorption syndromes, rather than from a dietary deficiency.
A condition that limits the absorption of nutrients is referred to as a "malabsorption syndrome."
> Selection of therapeutic agent should be individualized based on patient-specific factors including fracture history, severity of osteoporosis (T-scores), risk for hip fracture, patterns of BMD, comorbid conditions (such as peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux, malabsorption syndromes, malignancy), cost, and other factors.
These diverticula remain asymptomatic in majority but can present with chronic abdominal pain or chronic malabsorption syndromes. Perforation of a jejunal diverticulum presenting as acute abdomen is a rare event and almost universally diagnosed only per-operatively2.
So we're recommending screening for those at risk for vitamin D deficiency--those who are obese, African Americans, pregnant and lactating women, patients with malabsorption syndromes, and a whole list that we have provided in the guidelines," lead author Dr.
Athletes with malabsorption syndromes should undergo individual nutritional assessments to identify treatable deficits that might lead to coagulation defects.
Fecal carbohydrate loss measurement is also important in the diagnosis of malabsorption syndromes (7, 8), although certain amounts of starch are malabsorbed even under physiologic conditions (9).
"Also, certain medical conditions might lead to accelerated bone loss, such as hyperthyroidism, Cushings syndrome, hyperparathyroidism, or malabsorption syndromes (such as celiac disease, in which the small intestine cannot absorb adequate nutrients from foods)."
Acquired zinc deficiency has been reported in association with many medical disorders, including alcoholism, renal disease, gastrointestinal malabsorption syndromes, food allergies, anorexia, and severe burns.
Some patients also develop malabsorption syndromes.