major depressive disorder

(redirected from Major depressive disorder, 5 or more criteria)
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major depressive disorder

 
a mood disorder characterized by the occurrence of one or more major depressive epsiodes and the absence of any history of manic, mixed, or hypomanic episodes.

major depressive disorder

1. Synonym(s): major depression
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.

major depressive disorder

or

major depression

major depressive disorder

A chronic, relapsing illness affecting 3–6% of the population at a given time.
 
Lifetime risk
10–15%; it is linked to a high (10%–20%) rate of suicide, and high morbidity when compared with other medical illness.
 
Statistics
Taiwan, 1.5%; Korea, 3%; Puerto Rico, 4.3%; US, 5%; New Zealand, 12%; France, 16.4%; Lebanon, 19%.

Other findings
Positive dexamethasone test, sleep changes (e.g., decreased REM latency).

Major depressive disorder, five or more criteria
• Decreased appetite or loss of weight;
• Decreased concentration; 
• Decreased interest-in pleasurable activities;
• Dysphoric mood—sad, anxious, irritable; 
• Fatigue or decreased energy;
• Guilt or excessive self-blame;
• Psychomotor retardation or agitation;
• Sleep disturbances; 
• Suicidal ideation or suicidal attempt. 
 
DiffDx
AIDS, acute intermittent porphyria, amphetamine withdrawal, CA, endocrine disease (e.g., Addision’s disease, Cushing’s disease), hypothyroidism, infectious mononucleosis, influenza, malnutrition, multiple sclerosis, drugs (e.g., alpha-methyldopa, benzodiazepines, cimetidine, clonidine, corticosteroids, INH, OCs, propranolol, reserpine, thiazide diuretics).

major depressive disorder

Psychiatry A chronic, relapsing illness affecting 3–6% of the population at a given time Lifetime risk 10–15%; it is linked to a high–10% to 20% rate of suicide, and high morbidity when compared with other medical illness Statistics, Intl, low Taiwan 1.5%, Korea 3%, Puerto Rico 4.3%, US 5% High Lebanon 19%, France 16.4%, New Zealand 12% Other findings Positive dexamethasone test, sleep changes–eg, ↓ REM latency DiffDx AIDS, acute intermittent porphyria, amphetamine withdrawal, CA, endocrine disease–eg, Addision's disease, Cushing's disease, hypothyroidism, infectious mononucleosis, influenza, malnutrition, multiple sclerosis, drugs–eg, alpha-methyldopa, benzodiazepines, cimetidine, clonidine, corticosteroids, INH, OCs, propranolol, reserpine, thiazide diuretics
Major depressive disorder, 5 or more criteria
appetite or loss of weight
concentration
• Dysphoric mood Sad, anxious, irritable
• Fatigue or decreased energy
• Guilt or excessive self blame
interest in pleasurable activities
• Psychomotor retardation or agitation
• Sleep disturbances
• Suicidal ideation or suicidal attempt  AMN  16/9/96, p17

ma·jor de·pres·sion

, major depressive disorder (mājŏr dĕ-preshŭn, dĕ-presiv dis-ōrdĕr)
Mental illness characterized by sustained depression of mood, anhedonia, sleep and appetite disturbances, and feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and hopelessness. Also called clinical depression.

Major depressive disorder

A mood disorder characterized by profound feelings of sadness or despair.
Mentioned in: Conduct Disorder

ma·jor de·pres·sion

, major depressive disorder (mājŏr dĕ-preshŭn, dĕ-presiv dis-ōrdĕr)
Mental disorder characterized by sustained depression of mood, anhedonia, sleep and appetite disturbances, and feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and hopelessness.

Patient discussion about major depressive disorder

Q. What is MDD? I have heard this term on the radio referring to general depression, however I wanted to know what exactly is MDD.

A. A friend I made through this service refered me to the NIMH. They have a very nice website for the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) full of accurate descriptions of all the kinds of depression and other mental illnesses.

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/



Under their Health and Outreach tab at:
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/index.shtml

Click on Depression which brings you to
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml

and keep reading


Major depressive disorder, also called major depression, is characterized by a combination of symptoms that interfere with a person's ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy once–pleasurable activities. Major depression is disabling and prevents a person from functioning normally. An episode of major depression may occur only once in a person's lifetime, but more often, it recurs throughout a person's life.

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression/what-is-a-depressive-disorder.shtml

Q. I like to know the signs of serious major depression in women? I am lecturer in a college who is very approachable to students. If you take the top 10 lectures in the college the students will vote me first. Though I am proud of it I am not jealous. One of the clubs chose me as the best lecturer of the year and wanted me to send to another country for a special training in their own expense. Now I am here in this training which lasts for 6 more months. First week I fell home sick without seeing my students and got depressed and moreover I could not CONCENTRATE in the training and COULD NOT SLEEP. I like to know the signs of serious major depression in women?

A. If I wish if I am a student then I like to get trained under you. I am jealous of your students. The symptoms of depression in women are the same as those for major depression.
Common complaints include:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iUTv_A2vUrI&eurl=http://www.imedix.com/health_community/viUTv%5EA2vUrI_final_stages_major_depression_can?q=major%20depression&feature=player_embedded
• Depressed mood Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you used to enjoy
• Feelings of guilt, hopelessness and worthlessness
• Suicidal thoughts or recurrent thoughts of death
• Sleep disturbance (sleeping more or sleeping less)
• Appetite and weight changes
• Difficulty concentrating
• Lack of energy and fatigue

More discussions about major depressive disorder
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