It is surely no coincidence that in Island the Rani and her son Murugan, who strike a deal with the neighbouring dictator Colonel Dipa to sell the island's oil concession, thereby pulling the utopian plug on Pala, spurn the practice of maithuna
and cherish "the Ideal of Purity" or "Brahmacharya" instead, and furthermore plan to use their filthy oil lucre for a "Crusade of the Spirit" (56).
Sexual contact (maithuna
) in right-hand worship is sanctioned either with the aspirant's own wife or attained through the yogic union of serpentine power (kundalini sakti) with Siva in the Sadhaka's own body.
puti wohl zu streichen.") At 1999: 23, next to ahimsa, satya, astainya, and tyaga, maithuna
does not fit well as a vrata; rather maithunasya varjanam (Baudhayanadharmasutra 2.18.2).
In the Shunga period the depiction of maithuna
or amorousness of humans and of animals may have some fertility significance, but the one belonging to the Kushana period exhibits similarities with Amaravati reliefs in its style and sophistication of content.
Drawing a distinction between depictions of mithunas (amorous couples) and maithuna
(coitus), Desai states that the earliest maithuna
scenes in temple art belong to the 6th-7th century, a period "when the Tantras came to be accepted by the literate class" (p.