These were cryptopine in Chelidonium majus; N,N- dimethylhernovine in Meconopsis cambrica, Berberis thunbergii, Mahonia aquifolium
, Corydalis cava, Glaucium flavum, and Chelidonium majus; methyl-hernovine in Glaucium flavum; columbamine in Berberis thunbergii; methyl-corypalmine, chelidonine, and sanguinarine in Fumaria officinalis; and sanguinarine in Corydalis cava.
Lipoxygenase inhibition and antioxidant properties of protoberberine and aporphine alkaloids isolated from Mahonia aquifolium
. Planta Med 1995; 61: 372-373, doi: 10.1055/s-2006-958107.
Pharmacologically active phenolic compounds from the bark of Mahonia aquifolium
. Phytomedicine 4, 357-358.
The monographs are focused on 'important' poisonous and mind altering plants, which include the commonly used Hypericum perforatum, Aesclus hippocastinum, Mahonia aquifolium
, Piper methisticum and Berberis vulgaris.
(Oregon Grape) types are much later flowering, not producing their displays until late winter.
An ointment containing extracts from Mahonia aquifolium
, Viola tricolor and Centella asiatica has previously been studied in open uncontrolled trials with children.
Oregon Grape Root (Mahonia aquifolium
): The chemical components of Mahonia aquifolium
(Ma) consist of isoquinolin and isoquinoline derivates including berberine, berbamine, and oxyacanthine.
has hanging clusters of yellow and sweetly perfumed flowers and Mahonia x media 'Charity' also offers a gorgeous, perfumed winter display.
Herbs that strengthen liver functions, such as dandelion root (Taraxacum officinale), nettle leaf (Urtica spp.), yellow dock root (Rumex crispus), Oregon grape root (Mahonia aquifolium
), or turmeric (Curcuma longa) may help improve digestion and the body's abilities to remove toxins from the blood.
Moist Shade - Hostas, Ferns, Iris siberica, Hydrangea petiolaris, Brunnera macrophylla, trilliums, Camellia japonica, Mahonia aquifolium
, Rubus tricolor and Sarcococca.
It was Mahonia aquifolium
, not the most spectacular species but nonetheless welcome and grew steadily to optimum size - around 1.