mushroom

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mushroom

 [mush´ro̳m]
the fruiting body of any of a variety of fleshy fungi of the order Agaricales, especially one that is edible. Poisonous species are popularly called toadstools.
mushroom poisoning poisoning resulting from ingestion of mushrooms; potentially deadly mushrooms include Amanita phalloides, A. verna, A. virosa, and certain other species that contain neurotoxins. Rapid identification of mushroom poisoning and treatment is critical. According to the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition of the Food and Drug Administration, persons who have ingested poisonous mushrooms and are treated immediately have a mortality rate of 10 per cent, whereas those who are treated 60 or more hours later have a 60 to 90 per cent mortality rate.

mushroom

Drug slang
noun A regional street term for psilocybin or psilocin mushrooms.
 
Toxicology
noun A poisonous mushroom. 50 of 2000 species of mushrooms are poisonous; the major toxin is a cyclic octapeptide amanitine, a selective RNA polymerase-II inhibitor present in Amanita and Galerina species. Amanita phalloides causes most mushroom deaths; mortality is 40–90%.

Vox populi
adjective A descriptive term for a structure or appearance consisting of a terminal expansion of a cylindrical structure.

mushroom

adjective A descriptor for a thermonuclear explosion-like terminal expansion of a cylindrical structure. See Mushroom appearance, Mushroom lesion, Mushroom pattern noun Drug slang A street term for psilocybin or psilocin Toxicology 50 of 2000 species of mushrooms are poisonous; the major toxin is amanitine, a selective RNA polymerase II inhibitor present in Amanita and Galerina species; Amanita phalloides causes most mushroom deaths Mortality 40-90% Clinical Stage 1 Abrupt onset–6-24 hrs after ingestion, accompanied by abdominal pain, N&V, diarrhea, major fluid and electrolyte imbalances Stage 2 Apparent resolution, with asymptomatic renal and hepatic deterioration Stage 3 occurs by days 3-4, characterized by hepatorenal collapse, cardiomyopathy, DIC, convulsions, coma, death. See Poison mushroom, Power mushroom, Shiitake mushroom.

mushroom

the common name for the fruiting bodies of certain members of the BASIDIOMYCOTA, in the family Agaricaceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
After updating the taxonomic names and checking for synonymy, as well as excluding microfungi, lichens, and slime molds (protozoans traditionally included in mycological collections), 1410 species of macrofungi were recovered.
& LANG, R., 2000.--Testing the Higher taxon approach to conservation planning in a megadiverse group: the macrofungi. Biological Conservation, 93: 209-217.
Hedjaroude, "Immunomodulating and anticancer agents in the realm of macromycetes fungi (macrofungi)," International Immunopharmacology, vol.
When possible, macrofungi were identified to the species rank in the field; however, when species could not be determined, sporocarps were collected and identified to the lowest identifiable taxon rank.
The purpose of this two-year investigation was to inventory species of macrofungi (primarily mushrooms) present within The West Woods Park (Geauga Co., OH) and to evaluate overall diversity among different taxonomic groups of fungi present.
This research study will include the first comprehensive inventory of cryptogams (myxomycetes, macrofungi, mosses, liverworts, lichens, and ferns) and also tardigrades and molluscs in the tree canopy.
Collecting and describing macrofungi. In: Mueller GM, Bills GF, Foster MS, Editos.
(2013) reported a new species of macrofungi (Lepiota vellingana sp.
R., Diversity of macrofungi in the Western Ghats of Karnataka (India).
The occurrence of macrofungi and their habitats in vegetations along the Parque Los Nevados transect, in Van der Hammen T, Diaz-P.
Gilberto Coelho (Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, UFSM), in recognition of his contributions to the knowledge of southern Brazilian macrofungi, especially polypores.