We aimed to further validate the past finding that ethical leadership became less effective for improving an employee's personal initiatives when the supervisor's Machiavellianism
was higher, compared to lower (Den Hartog & Belschak, 2012).
is a term derived from the work of Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527).
Males were also found to have higher hubristic pride scores as previously found (Else-Quest, Higgins, Allison, & Morton, 2012) and is associated with traits such as narcissism and Machiavellianism
(Tracy, Cheng, Robins & Trzesniewski, 2009).
A historiometric examination of Machiavellianism
and a new taxonomy of leadership.
This aspect of the variable is likened to Machiavellianism
The dark triad: Narcissism, psychopathy and Machiavellianism
as predictors of entrepreneurial entry.
1994), "Job Involvement, Machiavellianism
and Job Performance", Journal of Business & Psychology, 9(2): 159-70.
First, when they let emotions prevail over political considerations, turning a blind eye to the basic rule of Machiavellianism
that defines western politics where only interests, not friends or enemies, are permanent.
The concept of machiavellianism
emerged with the political philosopher Nicolau Maquiavel (1469-1527) with the book "The Prince" (1513).
(Wakefield, 2008; Hartog and Belschak, 2012), spirituality (Giacalone and Jurkiewicz, 2003a; Beekun and Westerman, 2012), alienation (Kennedy and Lawton, 1996), and cognitive moral development (Church et al.
Scale The Machiavellianism
Scale (MACH-IV; Christie and Geis 1970) is a 20-item scale measuring Machiavellianism
on a 7-point Liken scale ("Generally speaking, men won't work hard unless they are forced to do so").
Because the AMPI does not include a narcissism scale, only the eight items measuring Machiavellianism
and psychopathy were included.