motion


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Related to motion: Laws of motion, Uniform motion

motion

 [mo´shun]
motion sickness discomfort felt by some people on a moving boat, train, airplane, or automobile, or even on an elevator or a swing. The discomfort is caused by irregular and abnormal motion that disturbs the organs of balance located in the inner ear. There may be mild symptoms of nausea, dizziness, or headache, as well as pallor and cold perspiration. In more acute cases, there may be vomiting and sometimes prostration. Though most people quickly adapt to travel by airplane, ship, and automobile, few are wholly immune to motion sickness. Even astronauts become ill if the inner ear organs of balance are continuously stimulated by unusual motion. Fortunately, most cases of motion sickness vanish quickly once the journey is over, leaving no ill effects.
Causes. The inner ear possesses three semicircular canals, located at right angles in three different planes. People are accustomed to movement in the horizontal plane, which stimulates certain semicircular canals, but not to vertical movements such as the motion of an elevator or a ship pitching at sea. These vertical movements stimulate the semicircular canals in an unusual way, producing the sensation of nausea, or motion sickness.

Anxiety, grief, or other emotions can also cause motion sickness. A person unaccustomed to traveling by boat or airplane may be apprehensive or nervous and therefore may develop symptoms of nausea. Some individuals with previous experience of motion sickness become ill on a boat at dock or on an airplane prior to take-off.

Airsickness usually occurs during a bumpy flight caused by stormy weather or turbulent air. However, it may also be triggered by poorly ventilated cabins, hunger, digestive upset, overindulgence in food and drink, and unpleasant odors, particularly tobacco smoke.
Treatment. Certain antihistamines have proved highly effective in treating symptoms of seasickness. Like depressants, they may be used alone or in combination with mild sedatives. Those who suffer from motion sickness should ask their health care provider for advice before they embark on a trip. Symptoms may also be reduced if the seasick person rests lying down, with the head low, in a comfortable, well aired place.
Prevention. Being rested and in good health prior to a journey helps to prevent motion sickness. During a voyage by boat, it is advisable for the passenger to remain near the center of the ship, where there will be the least motion. Ample fresh air and exercise and avoidance of stuffy rooms and disagreeable smells are also good precautions. The traveler should keep comfortably warm and avoid overeating and eating rich foods.

For those traveling by air, adequate hydration and small, easily digested meals taken during the flight help to prevent airsickness. The passenger who experiences motion sickness may benefit from reclining in the seat as far as possible and closing the eyes.

Carsickness is often relieved if the journey is interrupted for short walks in the fresh air and by keeping a window open. Children will frequently find it helpful to glance down, and to refrain from reading. Tobacco smoke can also be an aggravating factor.

mo·tion

(mō'shŭn),
1. A change of place or position. Compare: movement (1).
2. Synonym(s): defecation
3. Synonym(s): stool
[L. motio, movement, fr. moveo, pp. motus, to move]

motion

Medtalk Movement. See Closed chain motion, Foot motion, Quality of motion, Range of motion, Triplane motion.

mo·tion

(mō'shŭn)
1. A change of place or position.
Compare: movement (1)
2. Synonym(s): defecation.
3. Synonym(s): stool.
[L. motio, movement, fr. moveo, pp. motus, to move]

Patient discussion about motion

Q. How do I gain range of motion after shoulder surgery I'm 31 years old and had a shoulder replacment last year. I still don't know why my joint gave out and 4 Orthopedic Surgeons couldn't tell me either. I have limited Range of Motion and the Dr. seems to think that because of my "age" I was less likley to get full range back. I refuse to believe that, does anyone have any suggestions on how to gain ROM back?

A. i guess you go to physiotherapy no?
that is their job. to give you range of motion after injuries, surgeries ect. they'll give you exercises specially for your condition. when i had an accident i broke my leg hip and i needed 2 months of physiotherapy that helped very much.

Q. why when we drink alcohol everything seems funnier and things moves as in slow motion? how does it effect the brain and the nerve system ?

A. Donot drink an drive,Like i have said before it is your body trying to get your attention(its telling you that it cant work right with alcohol in it.drinking may seem fun now but it can turn into a nightmare,an you can loose your life,or it can become a living hell for you and the people close to you--THINK BEFORE YOU DRINK---mrfoot56

More discussions about motion
References in periodicals archive ?
Based in Barcelona, Spain, Ingenia provides original equipment manufacturers with customised motion control solutions based on high performance and high power servo drive technology.
"Plaintiff's argument to the effect that his service of an emergency motion to reduce the bond somehow tolled the period to post a bond for a duration greater than that necessary to deny the emergency motion is inexplicable and for a variety of reasons unpersuasive.
Comment/Opposition with motion to expunge prosecution's amended pre-trial brief;
"The Advisory Committee Notes to that Rule further counsel that: Often it will be wise for the district court to determine whether it in fact would grant the motion if the court of appeals remands for that purpose.
Motion was made by Wayne Lowry and seconded by Don Jarrett to approve the donation of this equipment as listed, motion carried.
'A reading of the Resolution shows that the PET has noted our filing of the motion to withdraw and the tribunal further noted that we do not have any pending motion before the court,' Sardillo said in a statement.
This motion was included in the parliamentary agenda but it was never taken up for debate, he said.
Best director, motion picture: Guillermo del Toro, "The Shape of Water"
In particular, Leap Motion gesture recognition in Amusement (game) Contents plays a crucial role in keeping the player engrossed in the game.
In as far as Thursday was concerned, Mr Imwatok and his Nasa colleagues had hatched a plan which, should it have been executed as laid out, could have seen the motion sail through since the Opposition had the majority had he been given the opportunity to move.
The motion was not listed in the order paper but Minority Chief Whip Peter Imwatok wanted to use Standing order 51, which allows a member to issue notice and move a motion.
Other adjournment motion was moved by Azam Swati, Shibli Faraz, Ateeq Sheikh, Nauman Wazir Khattak and others regarding unofficial meeting of Sajan Jindal with the Prime Minister, without involvement of the Foreign Office.