MOI


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multiplicity of infection

The ratio of viral or phage particles to cells in a system to infection targets (e.g., cells in a defined volume).

mechanism

(mek'a-nizm) [L. mechanismus fr. Gr. mechane, instrument, machine]
1. Involuntary, consistent response to a stimulus.
2. A habit or response pattern formed to achieve a result.
3. A machine or machine-like structure.

mechanism of action

The means by which a drug exerts its effects on cells or tissues. It may have specific binding sites, receptor activation, enzymatic activity, or solubility.

countercurrent mechanism

A mechanism used by the kidneys, making it possible to excrete excess solutes in the urine with little loss of water from the body.

cycling mechanism

In mechanical ventilation the technology or mechanism that switches a breath from inspiration to expiration.

defense mechanism

Defense.

Duncan mechanism

Delivery of the placenta when separation begins at the outer margins and progresses inward, presenting the rough maternal side first.

extensor mechanism

The structures that work together to move a joint into an extended position. For most joints, this mechanism is its group of extensor tendons; for other joints, additional structures are involved, such as the patella (a sesamoid bone), which is part of the extensor mechanism of the knee.

host defense mechanism

A complex interacting system that protects the host from endogenous and exogenous microorganisms. It includes physical and chemical barriers, inflammatory response, reticuloendothelial system, and immune responses.
See: cytokine; interleukin-1; interferon

mechanism of injury

Abbreviation: MOI
The manner in which a physical injury occurred (e.g., fall from a height, ground-level fall, high- or low-speed motor vehicle accident, ejection from a vehicle, vehicle rollover). The MOI is used to estimate the forces involved in trauma and, thus, the potential severity for wounding, fractures, and internal organ damage that a patient may suffer as a result of the injury.

mechanism of injury

Abbreviation: MOI
The manner in which a physical injury occurred (e.g., fall from a height, ground-level fall, high- or low-speed motor vehicle accident, ejection from a vehicle, vehicle rollover). The MOI is used to estimate the forces involved in trauma and, thus, the potential severity for wounding, fractures, and internal organ damage that a patient may suffer as a result of the injury.
See also: mechanism

MOI

abbrev. MULTIPLICITY OF INFECTION.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Cisco solution to MoI converges voice, video, and data
Moi might have had a hard time breaking into the rotation last year, when Oregon had seniors at each linebacker spot, but now he's in the mix to start as the Ducks break in a new group of linebackers.
At MOI 1, we observed an increase of early apoptosis at 5 h after infection whereas late apoptosis increased at 5h and 18 h, contrasting with MOI 0.
It is deeply regrettable that the murder of journalist Moi has come just a few days after president Salva Kiir allegedly said that 'he would kill journalists' against his government.
The MoI extended military operations to all parts of the country in order to improve security ahead of the vote, Siddiqui said.
The MoI also gave the maid the choice of whether she wanted to continue working for her employer or cancel her residence visa and leave the UAE.
Pour Moi burst into the Derby picture when posting an impressive win in the Group 2 Prix Grefful over 10 furlongs at Saint-cloud, France on his last start.
Moi hinges her study on a revaluation of the endurance of the Schillerian notion of aesthetic idealism.
Mum-of-two, Moi, 44, quit NHS Lothian after a meeting with chair Charles Winstanley - who is also "whistleblower contact" for postal watchdog Postwatch.
Moi unearths some truly eye-opening evidence on the tenacity of the idealist attitude even when it was culturally on the retreat.
Among the initiatives outlined in the MOI are joint promotional activities including collaboration at BOMA's North American Commercial Real Estate Congress[R] and the Office Building Show in New York City in July 2007 and USGBC's Greenbuild Conference and Expo in Los Angeles in October 2007, as well as joint educational offerings including Web-based seminars on energy efficiency and green building practices.
When Aburiria's ruler (a composite of Kenya's ex-President Daniel arap Moi, Uganda's Idi Amin and Zaire's Mobutu Sese Seko who gives a new definition to the phrase "God complex") cooks up a plan to build the world's tallest building, bad things happen.