Although the known targets of miR-186 have not been completely clarified, research has found that miR-186 targets mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 2 (MAP3K2) (23), protein phosphatase PPM1B (24), and Jagged1 (25) to regulate cancer cell proliferation and metastasis.
MicroRNA-186 suppresses cell proliferation and metastasis through targeting MAP3K2 in non-small cell lung cancer.
Some of the potential targets of miR-302b-3p identified in humans (TargetScanHuman 7.1) are MAP3K2
, BCL6, CCND2, CCND1, FGF10, RADA2, SMAD2, PAK3, and TGFfiR2 .
Forward (F) and reverse (R) primers for MAP3K3 (XM_015299375, F: 5'-TGA CCC GGA AAT ACA CTC GC; R: 5'-ACA TTC CCA GCA GAG TCA CG), MAP3K2 (XM_015290042, F: 5'-TGA GGG ACC CAC CAG AAA GA; R: 5'-GCG AGT CAC GTT CTC TGT CA), AQP4 (NM_001004765, F: 5'-GTG CCA GTA TGA ACC CTG CT; R: 5'-AAG AGC ACC AGC AAG GAC TG), and IGF2BP3 (NM_001006359, F: 5'-GCC TTG GCA GTT GGA GCT AT; R: 5'-AGC TTG GCA TCT GGT CCT TC) were designed using the Primer3 program (National Center for Biotechnology Information [NCBI] database) and synthesized by Genotech Co.
The miRNA gga-miR-20b-5p targets 581 genes, with the top-ranking/ top-scoring gene being MAP3K2 (target rank 1, score 100).
Real-time qPCR was used to further examine the expression of the four miRNAs (gga-miR-9-5p, gga-miR-20b-5p, gga-miR196-5p, and gga-let-7d) that showed the highest fold-changes in the IML of NE-induced chickens, compared to their respective controls, as well as the expression of their top-ranking target genes (MAP3K3, MAP3K2, AQP4, and IGF2BP3, respectively) (Figure 2).
This hypothesis is somewhat supported in the case of gga-miR-9-5p, gga-miR-20b-5p, gga-miR-196-5p, and gga-let-7d and the expression of their target genes MAP3K3, MAP3K2, AQP4, and IGF2BP3, respectively in the IML of NE-induced M5.1 chickens.
EBV miRNA BART 18-5p targets MAP3K2 and promotes viral persistence in vivo by suppressing viral replication in latently infected B-cells .
Thorley-Lawson, "EBV microRNA BART 18-5p targets MAP3K2 to facilitate persistence in vivo by inhibiting viral replication in B cells," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.