Mycobacterium tuberculosis

(redirected from M. tuberculosis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

My·co·bac·te·ri·um tu·ber·cu·lo·'sis

a bacterial species that causes tuberculosis in humans; it is the type species of the genus Mycobacterium.
Synonym(s): Koch bacillus, tubercle bacillus (1)
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Tubercle bacillus Infectious disease The mycobacterium that causes TB. See Tuberculosis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

My·co·bac·te·ri·um tu·ber·cu·lo·sis

(mī'kō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm tū-bĕr'kyū-lō'sis)
A bacterial species that causes tuberculosis in humans. It is the type species of the genus Mycobacterium.
Synonym(s): Koch bacillus, tubercle bacillus (1) .
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
Enlarge picture
MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS: Acid-fast bacillus in sputum (orig. mag. ×500)

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

The causative agent of tuberculosis in humans. See: tuberculosis; illustration
illustration
See also: Mycobacterium
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
His primary research interests are the molecular epidemiology of M. tuberculosis and the genetics of its pathogenicity.
M. tuberculosis doesn't immediately cause illness in most people.
Particularly alarming is the increase in the number of people with multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), caused by M. tuberculosis strains resistant to two or more drugs.
While the normal function of macrophages is to engulf and kill microorganisms, M. tuberculosis relies on as-yet-unknown ways to evade destruction and persist in these cells.
This report is the first known of epidemiologically associated TB in human and canine cases to be confirmed by M. tuberculosis' genotyping.
The TIGR project should be complete in a month, but it will not duplicate the effort of Cole's group, which sequenced a strain of M. tuberculosis studied since 1905.
What could explain the way the Yanomami respond to M. tuberculosis? De Sousa, an immunologist by trade, decided to look more closely at the immune system of the Yanomami.
When persons become infected with M. tuberculosis, one of the following can occur: 1) they can progress quickly to disease (with probability p); 2) they can become latently infected with M.
From an evolutionary point of view, the multiple rpoB mutations in M. tuberculosis have been hypothesized to arise as a compensatory mechanism to ameliorate the fitness costs of the original resistance mutation by a secondary mutation (11).
A team of researchers in Europe has recently discovered that M. tuberculosis does not actively acquire resistance to isoniazid - as many other types of bacteria acquire resistance to various antibiotics - but instead loses its susceptibility to isoniazid.
RFLP analysis using the IS6110 insertion sequence represents the standard criterion for differentiating M. tuberculosis', but it is insufficiently discriminating for M bovis due to the paucity of 1S6110 elements in the genome of this bacterium.
We report on the pattern of drug resistance to first-line anti-TB drugs among M. tuberculosis complex isolates from Zone 1 TB center in Yangon, which receives approximately 70% of the national TB programs' TB cases in Yangon.