lymphoma(redirected from Lymphatic cancer)
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Diagnostic procedures used to confirm suspected non-Hodgkin's lymphoma include PET scans, gallium scans, and occasionally lymphangiograms. If lymphoma is diagnosed, it will be staged using the same system as for Hodgkin's disease.
Treatment will depend on the type and stage. It may be single agent or multiagent chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biotherapy, or a combination. Blood transfusions and bone marrow transplantation have shown efficacy for some types of lymphoma.
Patient care: major problems presented by the patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma include the management of side effects associated with treatment and the prevention of infection.
See also: International Prognostic Index.
lymphomaOncology A malignant neoplasm of B or T lymphocytes, arising from a monoclonal, ie derived from a single progenitor cell, proliferation of lymphocytes; the proliferative process is considered lymphomatous in the appropriate clinical setting, given that not all monoclonal expansions are malignant Clinical Painless swelling of lymph nodes in neck, underarm, groin Prognosis Favorable in follicular lymphomas, especially cleaved, mixed and large non-cleaved cell types; some diffuse lymphomas–eg, small lymphocytic, cleaved cell, Burkitt's, non-cleaved cell and convoluted cell types, have OK-ish prognoses; Ls with poor prognosis include diffuse plasmacytoid lymphocye, mixed cell, mixed small noncleaved cell and large noncleaved cell types; advanced age, anemia and high mitotic activity are associated with a poor prognosis. See Angiotropic lymphoma, B-cell lymphoma, Biclonal lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, Composite lymphoma, Cutaneous cell lymphoma, Diffuse lymphoma, Diffuse large cell lymphoma, Diffuse mixed (small & large) cell lymphoma, Diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma, Discordant lymphoma, Extranodal lymphoma, Follicular lymphoma, Gastric lymphoma, High-grade lymphoma, Histiocytic lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, Intermediate lymphocytic lymphoma, Ki-1 lymphoma, Large cell lymphoma with filopedia, Lennert's lymphoma, Low-grade lymphoma, Lymphoblastic lymphoma, MALToma, Mantle zone lymphoma, Mediterranean lymphoma, Monoclonality, Monocytoid B-cell lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Pediatric lymphoma, Pinkus lymphoma, Pleomorphic non-Burkitt's lymphoma, Polylobulated lymphoma, Prelymphoma, Primary lymphoma of brain, Pseudolymphoma, Pseudopseudolymphoma, REAL classification, Reversible lymphoma, Serous lymphoma, Signet ring cell lymphoma, Small lymphocytic lymphoma, Small non-cleaved cell lymphoma, T-cell lymphoma lymphoma, Testicular lymphoma, Working classification. Cf Leukemia.
lymphoma(lim-fo'ma ) ('mat-a) plural.lymphomaslymphomata [ lymph- + -oma]
Staging of both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma is as follows: Stage I: involvement of a single lymph node or localized involvement. Stage II: Involvement of two or more lymph node regions on the same side of the diaphragm. Stage III: Involvement of several lymph node regions on both sides of the diaphragm. Stage IV: Involvement of extralymphatic tissue, such as the bone marrow.
anaplastic large cell lymphomaAbbreviation: ALCL
body cavity lymphomaPrimary effusion lymphoma.
Burkitt lymphomaSee: Burkitt lymphoma
cutaneous T-cell lymphomaAbbreviation: CTCL.
hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma
Hodgkin lymphomaSee: Hodgkin, Thomas
Mediterranean lymphomaImmunoproliferative small intestinal disease.
non-Hodgkin lymphomaAbbreviation: NHL
Painless lymphadenopathy in two thirds of patients is the most frequent presenting symptom. Others have fever, night sweats, and loss of 10% or more of body weight in the 6 months before presenting with symptoms of infiltration into nonlymphoid tissue. Additional involvement is in peripheral areas such as epitrochlear nodes, the tonsillar area, and bone marrow. NHL is 50% more frequent in occurrence in men than in women of similar age. In most cases the cause of NHL is unknown, but patients who have received immunosuppressive agents have an over 100 times greater chance of developing NHL, probably because the immunosuppressive agents activate tumor viruses.
Specific therapy depends on the type, grade, and stage of the lymphoma. Combination chemotherapies, bone marrow transplantation, radiation therapy, and photochemotherapy may be given, depending on the specific diagnosis.
primary effusion lymphoma
lymphomaa tumor of lymphoid tissue.
Patient discussion about lymphoma
Q. I would like to chat with someone w/any knowledge of fibromyalgia being treated with Methadone my best friend has severe fibromyalgia and has been treated with Methadone for the past several years. She has developed severe chronic anemia in these years. She now has lymphoma. I want to know if she is the only one and if methadone can affect bone marrow.
the Anemia is probably due to the Lymphoma. if not-her life is out of balance, she might changed her diet and may have shortage of iron or B12.